The Oligopolies

compiled by George Draffan of Endgame

Agribusiness Corporations, U.S. Private

Agribusiness Corporations, U.S. Public

Agriculture & Hardware Cooperatives, U.S.

Agrochemical Producers

 

click here to go to the Market Share Matrix of the global food system

Aluminum Producers, World

Apparel

Auto Tire Market, U.S.-Canada

Autos and Trucks, U.S. Market

Banks, U.S.

Chain & Franchise Outlets

Coal Producers, U.S.

Coal Producers, World

Construction, Residential, U.S.

Copper Producers, World

Corporations, Largest Across All Industries

Corporations, Largest Across All Industries

Credit Card Market, U.S.

Financial Institutions, U.S.

Food Manufacturers

Food, Organic Companies

Food Processors, U.S.

Forest & Paper Products (see separate profile)

Gasoline Market, U.S.

Gold Producers, World

Grain Exports, from US

Grain Processing, U.S.

Grain Storage Capacity, US

Grocery Store Retailers

Grocery Store Market, Canada

Grocery Store Market, U.S.

Grocery Store Retailers, Top Five U.S.

Health Maintenance Organizations, U.S.

Insurance, Life/Health, U.S.

Insurance, Property/Casualty, U.S.

Iron Ore Producers, World

Meat packers, U.S.

Natural Gas Producers, U.S.

Natural Gas Reserve Holders, U.S.

Newspaper Advertisers, U.S.

Nickel Producers, World

Organic Food Market (see separate profile)

Petroleum Corporations, World

Petroleum Refiners, Market, U.S.

Petroleum Refiners, U.S.

Private Corporations, Canada

Private Corporations, U.S.

Real Estate Ownership, U.S. Commercial

Retail Stores, U.S. Discount Store Chains

Seafood, U.S. (2004)

Securities, Equity Managers, U.S.

Securities, Underwriters, Canada

Securities, Underwriters, U.S.

Seeds

Telephone Service, U.S.

Television Groups, U.S.

Television Networks, U.S.

Weapons Manufacturers, Worldwide

Wood Products

Sources

Gary Price's List of Lists

Reuters Industry Profiles

 

Agribusiness Corporations, U.S. Private

rank among
U.S. private corporations

 

1999 sales
(US billion)

Lines of business

1

Cargill

48

International marketer & processor agricultural & industrial commodities

2

Koch Industries

36

Oil, chemical, minerals, energy, environmental technology, ranching

4

Mars

15

Makes candy, icre cream, meals & pet food, processes rice, electronics

7

Publix Super Markets

13

631 supermarkets in Alabama, Florida, Georgia & South Carolina

9

Contigroup Companies

10

Process poultry, pork & beef, mills flour & feed

11

Meijer

9

General merchandise & grocery stores in the Midwest

15

HE BUTT Grocery

8

H-E-B & H-E-B Pantry Food stores, milk plant & bread bakery in Texas

17

Aramark

7

Food & support services, uniforms, child care & development services

18

C & S Wholesale Grocers

7

Wholesale food to supermarkets, retail stores & military bases

21

Alliant Exchange

6

Distributes food to restaurants, hotels, hospitals & other facilities

Source: Forbes, November 27, 2000

 

Agribusiness Corporations, U.S. Public

rank among
U.S. public corporations

 

1999 sales
(US billion)

2

WAL-MART

$ 165

9

PHILIP MORRIS

$ 62

11

BANK OF AMERICA

$ 52

13

KROGER

$ 45

16

AMERICAN INTERNATIONAL GROUP

$ 41

18

PROCTER & GAMBLE

.$ 39

22

ALBERTSON'S

$ 37

40

SAFEWAY

$ 29

46

DU PONT DE NEMOURS

$ 27

54

CONAGRA

$ 25

Source: Forbes, April 17, 2000

 

Agriculture & Hardware Cooperatives, U.S.

 

1999 revenues
(U.S. billion)

Farmland Industries

11

Dairy Farmers of America

8

Centex Harvest States

6

Land O'Lakes

6

Wakefern Food

6

Truserve

5

Topco Associates

4

Associated Wholesale Grocers

3

Ace Hardware

3

Unified Western Grocers

3

SOURCE: National Cooperative Bank, Washington, D.C.

 

Agrochemical Producers
(2001 sales, $ million)

Syngenta

5385

Aventis

3842

Monsanto

3755

BASF

3105

Dow

2612

Bayer

2418

DuPont

1917

Source: AGROW World Crop Protection News, March 29, 2002.

 

 

Aluminum Producers, World

(2001 market share by %)

Alcoa (US)

14.4

Alcan (Canada)

8.4

Russian Aluminum

7.3

BHP Billiton (Australia)

4.0

Pechiney (France)

3.6

Source: International Institute for Environment and Development and World Business Council for
Sustainable Development, Breaking New Ground: Mining, Minerals, and Sustainable Development,
London: Earthscan, 2002. http://www.iied.org/mmsd/finalreport/index.html

 

Apparel

(by revenues)

V.F. Corporation

$6,185.5

Liz Claiborne, Inc.

$4,742.5

Polo Ralph Lauren Corp.

$3,266.6

Kellwood Company

$2,509.0

Benetton Group S.P.A. (ADR)

$2,025.9

Tommy Hilfiger Corporation

$1,837.2

Phillips-Van Heusen Corp.

$1,735.3

Coach, Inc.

$1,629.9

The Warnaco Group, Inc.

$1,470.5

Wacoal Corporation (ADR)

$1,469.0

Quiksilver, Inc.

$1,457.9

Russell Corporation

$1,359.7

Oxford Industries, Inc.

$1,265.9

Columbia Sportswear Company

$1,134.3

Perry Ellis International

$684.8

Delta Galil Industries (ADR)

$675.6

Hartmarx Corporation

$596.3

Gildan Activewear Inc. (USA)

$588.3

Haggar Corp.

$469.4

OshKosh B'Gosh, Inc.

$403.7

St. John Knits Int'l, Inc

$391.9

Tultex Corporation

$377.9

Tropical Sportswear International

$324.2

Hampshire Group, Limited

$305.7

Dyersburg Corporation

$270.0

Quaker Fabric Corp.

$264.0

Delta Woodside Industries, Inc

$246.6

Delta Apparel Inc.

$234.6

Tandy Brands Accessories

$222.8

Ashworth, Inc.

$192.3

Tefron Ltd.

$186.6

Tarrant Apparel Group

$158.1

Bernard Chaus, Inc.

$154.6

Superior Uniform Group

$141.7

Cutter & Buck Inc.

$130.0

Jaclyn, Inc.

$125.5

Innovo Group Inc.

$114.8

Texfi Industries

$111.8

 

Source: Reuters http://www.investor.reuters.com/GoTo.aspx?nss=www&.t=/business/bussecindustry accessed June 14, 2005.

 

Autos and Trucks, Passenger, U.S. Market

(% of market)

General Motors, Ford and Chrysler

28

Ford

19.5

Chrysler

12.7

Toyota, Honda, Nissan, other imports

40

16.7 million passenger vehicles were sold in the U.S. in 2003.
In 1995, GM, Ford and Chrysler held 73% of the U.S. market (versus 60% in 2003).
GM owns Saab. Ford owns Volvo, Land Rover, Jaguar and Aston Martin. Chrysler Group's sister company is Germany's DaimlerChrysler, which sells Mercedes-Benz
Source: Los Angeles Times, Jan 6, 2004.

 

Auto Tire Market, U.S.-Canada

(% of market)

Goodyear

29.1%

Michelin Uniroyal Goodrich

21.9

Bridgestone Firestone

21.0

Contnental General

6.5

Cooper

6.4

other

15.1

Source: Market Share Reporter (Gale, 1999).

 

Banks, U.S.

 

Assets 2004
($ trillion)

Citigroup

1.21

JP Morgan Chase Banc One

1.08

Bank of America Fleetboston

.93

Wells Fargo

.39

Wachovia

.39

Source: Chicago Tribune, March 17, 2004.

 

 

Assets 12/31/1998
($ billion)

Citigroup

$669

BankAmerica

618

Chase Manhattan

366

BancOne

261

Source: Market Share Reporter (Gale, 1999).

 

Chain & Franchise Outlets

(number of outlets)

 

U.S.

Worldwide

Blockbuster

5,609

 

Subway

15,646

 

McDonald's

13,531

30,081

7-Eleven

5,775

25,076

Sources: Jodi Wilgoren, In the Urban 7-Eleven, the Slurpee Looks Sleeker, New York Times, July 13, 2003.

 

Chemical Producers, U.S.

($ billion sales)

DuPont

26.2

Dow

17.7

Exxon

10.5

GE

6.6

Union Carbide

5.6

Hunstman

5.2

ICI Americas

4.9

Praxair

4.8

Eastman

4.9

BP Amoco

4.8

 Source: Market Share Reporter (Gale, 1999).

Coal Producers, U.S. (1998)

(market share)

Peabody

13.8%

Arch

9.7

Kennecott

9.6

Consol

7.6

Cyprus Amax

6.1

AEI Holding

4.4

AT Massey

3.4

Texas Utilities

2.5

North American Coal

2.3

Pacificorp

2.0

other

38.6

 Source: Market Share Reporter (Gale, 1999).

 

Coal Producers, World

(% market share)

CIL (India)

17.6

Peabody (US)

5.0

Rio Tinto (UK)

4.7

BHP Billiton (Australia)

4.1

RAG (Germany)

3.2

Source: International Institute for Environment and Development and World Business Council for
Sustainable Development, Breaking New Ground: Mining, Minerals, and Sustainable Development,
London: Earthscan, 2002. http://www.iied.org/mmsd/finalreport/index.html

 

Copper Producers, World

(2001 market share by %)

Codelco (Chile)

12.3

Phelps Dodge (US)

7.8

BHP Billiton (Australia)

7.0

Rio Tinto (UK)

6.2

Grupo Mexico

5.5

Source: International Institute for Environment and Development and World Business Council for
Sustainable Development, Breaking New Ground: Mining, Minerals, and Sustainable Development,
London: Earthscan, 2002. http://www.iied.org/mmsd/finalreport/index.html

 

Construction, Residential, U.S. (1998)

($ million gross revenues)

Centex

4749

Pulte

3005

Kaufman & Broad

2449

DR Horton

2421

Lennar

2417

Ryland

1765

NVR

1560

US Home

1500

Del Webb

1274

MDC Holdings

1263

 Source: Market Share Reporter (Gale, 1999).

Credit Card Market, U.S.

 

% market share
January 2004

Citibank

19.2

Bank One / JP Morgan

16.3

MBNA

10.5

American Express

7.1

Bank of America

6.3

Discover

6.3

Capital One

5.7

HSBC

3.9

GE Capital

2.4

Providian

2.2

Other

20.3

Source: Chicago Tribune, Jan 21, 2004, citing Nielsen Reports.

 

% market share
June 30, 1998

Visa

50%

MasterCard

25%

American Express

18

Discover

5

Diner's Club

1

Source: Market Share Reporter (Gale, 1999).

Financial Institutions, U.S.

($ billion assets Dec 31, (1997)

Fannie Mae

$392

Chase Manhattan

366

Federal Home Loan Banks

358

Citicorp

311

NationsBank

265

 Source: Market Share Reporter (Gale, 1999).

Food Manufacturers

(ranked by revenues)

Nestle

Kraft

Conagra

Tyson

Unilever

Cargill

Mars

Frito-lay

Groupe Danone

HJ Heinz

 Source: Yahoo Fiannce website, June 2004.

 

Food Processors, U.S.

SECTOR

% of market

CORPORATIONS

Beef packers

81

Tyson (IBP), Conagra, Cargill (Excel), Farmland National Beef Packing

Por packers

59

Smithfields, Tyson (IBP), Conagra (Swift), Cargill (Excel)

Pork production

46

Smithfield, Premium Standard Farms (ContiGroup), Seaboard, Triumph Pork Group (Farmland Managed)

Broilers

50

Tyson, Gold Kist, Pilgrim's Pride, ConAgra 

Turkeys

45

Hormel (Jennie-O Turkeys), Butterball (ConAgra), Cargill's Turkeys, Pilgrim's Pride

Animal feed plants

25

 Land O'Laes Farmland feed / Purina Mills, Cargill (Nutrena), ADM (Moorman's), JD Heiskell

Grain handling facilities

60

 Cargill, Cenex, ADM, General Mills

Corn exports

81

 Cargill-Continental, ADM, Zen Noh

Soybean exports

65

 Cargill-Continental, ADM, Zen Noh

Flour milling

61

 ADM, ConAgra, Cargill, General Mills

Soybean crushing

80

 ADM, Cargill, Bunge, AGP

Ethanol production

49

 ADM, Minnesota Corn Producers (ADM owns 50%), Williams Energy Services, Cargill

Dairy processors

n/a

 Dean Foods (Suiza), Kraft (Philip Morris), Dairy Farmers of America, Land O'Lakes

Food retailing

38

 Kroger, Albertson's, Safeway, Wal-Mart, Ahold

 Source: Hendrickson, Heffernan, etal, Concentration in Food Retailing and Dairy (University of Missouri Dept of Rural Sociology, 2001).

 

Gasoline Market, U.S.

 

% of market

FIVE OIL CORPORATIONS
ExxonMobil
BP Amoco ARCO
Chevron-Texaco
Philipps-Tosco
Marathon

  • control 67% of the U.S. retail gasoline market.
  • control 47% of the U.S. gasoline refinery market.
  • control 41% of U.S. petroleum exploration & production.
  • control 15% of world oil production.

Source: Tyson Slocum, No Competition: Oil Industry Mergers Provide Higher Profits, Leave Consumers with Fewer Choices (Public Citizen, 2001), http://www.citizen.org/documents/nocompetition.PDF

Mobil

10.2

Shell

10.1

Exxon

9.8

Citgo

9.8

Amoco

8.3

Texaco

8.2

Chevron

7.4

Marathon

5.7

other

30.5

 Source: Market Share Reporter (Gale, 1999).

 

Gold Producers, World

(2001 market share by %)

AngloGold (South Africa)

8.3

Barrick (Canada)

7.6

Newmont (US)

6.7

Gold Fields Ltd (South Africa)

4.7

Placer Dome (Canada)

3.4

Source: International Institute for Environment and Development and World Business Council for
Sustainable Development, Breaking New Ground: Mining, Minerals, and Sustainable Development,
London: Earthscan, 2002. http://www.iied.org/mmsd/finalreport/index.html

 

Grain Exports, from U.S. (1999)

Cargill-Continental, Archer Daniels Midland (ADM), and Zen Noh (a Japanese company) control 81% of US corn exports and 65% of US soybean exports.

ADM and Cargill were also among the top four in terminal grain handling, flour milling, soybean crushing and ethanol production.

Source: Al Krebs, AGRIBUSINESS EXAMINER #149, March 19, 2002, citing National Farmers Union-commissioned study conducted by Drs. Mary Hendrickson and William Heffernan from the University of Missouri.

 

Grain Processing, U.S. (1999)

Terminal Grain Handling Facilities: 60% (Cargill, Cenex Harvest States, ADM, and General Mills

Flour Milling: 61% (ADM Milling, ConAgra, Cargill, General Mills)

Soybean Crushing: 80% (ADM, Cargill, Bunge, and AGP)

Source: Al Krebs, AGRIBUSINESS EXAMINER #149, March 19, 2002, citing National Farmers Union-commissioned study conducted by Drs. Mary Hendrickson and William Heffernan from the University of Missouri.

 

Grain Storage Capacity, U.S. (1999)

 

storage capacity
(millions of bushels)

ADM

611

Cargill

463

ConAgra/Peavey

198

Farmland Grain

178

Bunge

170

Continental Grain

169

Cenex Harvest States

146

Riceland Foods

102

Andersons

80

General Mills

72

 Source: Market Share Reporter (Gale, 1999).

 

Grocery Store Retailers

(ranked by 2002 revenues)

Wal-Mart

Carrefour

Kroger

Metro

Ahold

Albertson's

Rewe

Ito Yokado including Seven Eleven

Safeway

Tesco

Costco

ITM inlcuding Spar

Aldi

Edeka

Sainsbury

Tenglemann inlcuding A&P

Auchan

Leclerc

Daiei

Casino

 Source: IGD European Grocery Retailing, Institute of Grocery Distribution, 2001.

Grocery Store Market, Canada

Loblaw

21.0%

Oshawa

11.0

Provigo

11.0

Safeway

9.0

Metro-Richlieu

7.0

Sobeys

6.0

other

35.0

 Source: Market Share Reporter (Gale, 1999).

 

Grocery Store Market, U.S. (1998)

(% of market based on top 75 corps sales of $440.5 billion)

Kroger

10.8%

Albertson's

8.9%

Wal-Mart

8.0

Safeway

6.2

Ahold USA

4.9

Supervalu

4.5

Fleming

3.7

Winn-Dixie 3.5Publix

3.1

Loblaw

2.7

other

43.7

Source: Market Share Reporter (Gale, 1999).

 

Grocery Retailers, Top Five U.S.

Year 1997

Year 2000

Kroger Co

Kroger Co.

Safeway

Wal-Mart

American Stores

Albertson's

Albertson's

Safeway

Ahold USA

Ahold USA

U.S. market share
held by these top five

24%

U.S. market share
held by these top five

42%

Sources: Pacific Crest Securities, January 8, 1999; Supermarket News, January 24, 2000

 

In 1997 the top five U.S. food retailers had about one quarter of the country's market. Today those same companies --- Kroger, Albertson's, Wal-Mart, Safeway and Ahold USA, a subsidiary of Dutch firm Royal Ahold --- account for 42% of that market.
* This has come about largely as a result of recent acquisitions.
* Increasingly, the supermarkets are seeking control over producers through binding contracts and agreements. They seek to source their merchandise from a handful of producers.
* Kroger, for example, obtains its beef ready-packed from Cargill
* Ahold USA's Stop and Shop outlets obtain their dairy foods from Suiza Foods
* Wal-Mart, a more recent entry into the food-retailing business, gets its ready-packed meats from IBP, Farmland and Smithfield.

Source: Al Krebs, Agribusiness Examiner, #164, May 28, 2002 http://www.ea1.com/CARP/ ).

 

Health Maintenance Organizations, U.S. (1997)

(millions enrolled)

Kaiser Permanents

8.1

United HealthCare/Humana

6.4

Aetna US Healthcare

4.2

PacifiCare

4.0

Foundation Health Systems

3.5

Cigna

3.3

Prudential

2.4

Oxford

1.7

NYLCare

1.3

Health Ins Plan of Greater NY

1.1

Source: Market Share Reporter (Gale, 1999).

 

Insurance, Life/Health, U.S. (1998)

($ billion assets)

Prudential of America

205

Metropolitan Life

183

Aegon/Transamerica

99

TIAA Group

94

Hartford

91

New York Life

84

Aetna US Healthcare

77

Equitable

76

Cigna

74

Northwestern Mutual

71

Source: Market Share Reporter (Gale, 1999).

 

Insurance, Property/Casualty, U.S. (1998)

($ million premiums)

State Farm

34842

Allstate

18237

CNA

9860

American Inter Group

9423

Farmers

9114

Nationwide

8375

Travelers PC

7905

Liberty Mutual

5921

Hatford

5772

Zurich

4975

Source: Market Share Reporter (Gale, 1999).

 

Iron Ore Producers, World

(% market share)

CVRD (Brazil)

15.5

Rio Tinto (UK)

8.8

BHP Billiton (Australia)

6.2

Caemi (Brazil)

2.5

Kumba (South Africa)

2.5

Source: International Institute for Environment and Development and World Business Council for
Sustainable Development, Breaking New Ground: Mining, Minerals, and Sustainable Development,
London: Earthscan, 2002. http://www.iied.org/mmsd/finalreport/index.html

 

Meat Packers, U.S.

IBP (Iowa Beef Packers)

 

ConAgra (owned by Montfort)

 

Excel (division of Cargill)

 

Farmland (producers' co-op partly owned by feeders)

 

These four account for nearly 90% of all beef (hamburgers, steaks, roast, deli beef) processed in the United States (Al Krebs, Agribusiness Examiner, Issue # 88, Sept 25, 2000 http://www.ea1.com/CARP/ )

Vertical and horizontal consolidation of food retailers in the U.S. has led to the four largest firms sharing the production and processing of as much as half of the country's broiler, turkey and egg sales. 20 feedlots in the whole of the U.S. are involved in the production of 50% of all the country's cattle. These feedlots are directly connected to the four processing firms that control 81% of beef processing in the US.(Al Krebs, Agribusiness Examiner, #164, May 28, 2002).

 

Natural Gas Producers, U.S. (1998)

(billion cubic feet)

Amoco

847

Exxon

831

Chevron

675

Texaco

643

Shell

630

Burlington Resources

583

Mobil

423

Union Pacific Resources

407

ARCO

389

Source: Market Share Reporter (Gale, 1999).

 

Natural Gas Reserve Holders, U.S. (1998)

(billion cubic feet reserves)

Exxon

9689

Amoco

9097

Burlington Resources

5884

Shell

5143

Chevron

4991

ARCO

4988

Texaco

4022

Mobil

3931

Philips

3790

Source: Market Share Reporter (Gale, 1999).

 

Newspaper Advertisers, U.S. (1998)

($ million spent)

IBM

44

Federated Dept Stores

42

Time Warner

37

GM

36

Compaq

35

DaimlerChrysler

32

Ford

29

Citigroup

26

Walt Disney

25

Source: Market Share Reporter (Gale, 1999).

 

Nickel Producers, World

(2001 market share by %)

Norilisk (Russia)

19.1

Inco (Canada)

12.2

Falconbridge (Canada)

7.8

BHP Billiton (Australia)

5.9

Eramet (France)

5.3

Source: International Institute for Environment and Development and World Business Council for
Sustainable Development, Breaking New Ground: Mining, Minerals, and Sustainable Development,
London: Earthscan, 2002. http://www.iied.org/mmsd/finalreport/index.html

 

Petroleum Refiners, U.S. (1998)

(barrels crude capacity per day)

Exxon

1119

Chevron

1049

Amoco

1016

Marathon Ashland

935

Tosco

909

Equilon

834

Motiva

825

Sun

697

Mobil

697

Citgo

607

Source: Market Share Reporter (Gale, 1999).

 

 

Petroleum Corporations, World

(ranked by revenues in US$ million)

US revenues are for year 2000; non-US revenues are year 2001

ExxonMobil

US

210,392

Royal Dutch/Shell Group

Netherlands/UK

149,146

BP

United Kingdom

148,062

TotalFina Elf

France

105,544

Texaco

US

51,130

Chevron

US

48,069

ENI

Italy

45,000

China Petroleum & Chem

China

39,008

USX

US

35,570

Repsol-YPF

Spain

34,249

Conoco

US

32,513

PetroChina

China

29,231

Nippon Mitsubishi Oil

Japan

27,555

Petrobras-Petroleo Brasil

Brazil

26,955

Tosco

US

24,545

Indian Oil Corp

India

22,281

Phillips Petroleum

US

21,227

Japan Energy

Japan

19,884

Gazprom

Russia

17,708

Cosmo Oil

Japan

16,701

Valero Energy

US

14,671

Lukoil Holding

Russia

14,431

Ult. Diamond Shamrock

US

14,292

Sunoco

US

12,664

SK Corp

South Korea

12,398

Amerada Hess

US

12,277

TonenGeneral Sekiyu

Japan

12,139

Imperial Oil

Canada

11,201

Fortum

Finland

10,158

Cepsa

Spain

9,494

Bharat Petroleum

India

9,121

Yukos

Russia

8,219

Premcor

US

7,302

S-Oil

South Korea

7,191

OMV Group

Austria

6,868

Tupras-Turkiye Petrol

Turkey

6,359

Petro-Canada

Canada

6,311

Sources: Data for non-US corporations is from list at www.forbes.com, accessed January 8, 2002.
Data for US corporations is from Fortune, April 16, 2001.

 

Petroleum Refiners, Market, U.S.

(% of market)

Exxon Mobil

14.5%

Chevron

7.6

Shell

7.6

Amoco

7.3

Tosco

6.3

Sun

5.0

other

51.7

Source: Market Share Reporter (Gale, 1999).

 

Private Corporations, Canada (2005)

Company

Sales
$ billion

Notes

Katz Group

6.5

Daryl Katz founded what is now one of North America's biggest drug store operators with more than 1,800 stores. Operates under Pharma Plus and Rexall banners

Jim Pattison Group

6.1

Started in 1961 when Jim Pattison bought a Pontiac dealership in Vancouver. Giant conglomerate with 383 locations, and 28,000 employees in businesses such as media and financial services.

Mccain Foods Ltd

5.7

The iconic Florenceville, N.B., maker of frozen french fries. Brothers Harrison and Wallace McCain opened the first plant in February of 1957. Today, the company processes one million tonnes of potato products an hour.

Home Hardware Stores Ltd

4.2

The "home of the handyman" founded by Walter Hathborn, who worked as a stock boy at Home Hardware's predecessor Hollinger Hardware. He put together a plan in which independent hardware stores would team up to buy products cheaper.

H.Y. Louie Co. Ltd

4

Founded in 1903 by Hok Yat [H.Y.] Louie and run by his family out of British Columbia. It owns and operates London Drugs and IGA and employs more than 5,000 people.

PCL Construction Group

3.6

The Edmonton-based construction firm is the biggest contracting organization in Canada, and 10th largest in the U.S with offices in 27 locations across North America, Hawaii, and the Bahamas.

Kruger Inc

2.8

Montreal-based pulp-and-paper powerhouse behind popular consumer products like Cottonelle toilet paper and Scottie's facial tissues. Has more than 10,500 employees across North America and the United Kingdom.

Charlwood Pacific Group

2.4

Runs Uniglobe Travel Services, a travel franchise company with more than 700 locations in 30 countries. Other interests include Century 21 [Canada] Ltd. and Cobalt Real Estate Corporation.

James Richardson & Sons Ltd

1.8

A Winnipeg-based conglomerate with interests in agriculture, energy, and financial services. Control-led the securities firm Richardson Greenshields of Canada before selling it to Royal Bank in 1996.

Tolko Industries Ltd

1.8

The specialty forest products manufacturer has operations across Western Canada, with about 5,000 employees. The Vernon, B.C.-based company is planning a major expansion in North Central Alberta.

Source: National Post, July 1, 2006

 

Private Corporations, Largest U.S. (2004)

 

 

Revenues

Employees

Cargill

Crops

62,900

101,000

Koch Industries

Oil & Gas Operations

50,000

30,000

Mars

Food Processing

18,200

31,000

Publix Super Markets

Retail (Grocery)

16,946

125,000

Bechtel

Construction Services

16,337

42,000

PricewaterhouseCoopers

Business Services

15,900

125,000

Ernst & Young

Business Services

14,547

100,600

C&S Wholesale Grocers

Retail (Grocery)

13,500

9,000

Meijer

Retail (Grocery)

11,900

70,000

HE Butt Grocery

Retail (Grocery)

11,500

60,000

Swift & Co

Food Processing

9,879

22,000

Huntsman Companies

Chemical Manufacturing

9,252

13,000

Fidelity Investments

Investment Services

9,224

30,500

SemGroup

Oil & Gas Operations

8,335

446

JM Family Enterprises

Auto & Truck Manufacturers

7,700

3,700

Enterprise Rent-A-Car

Business Services

7,400

57,349

Science Applications Intl

Aerospace & Defense

6,720

42,700

SC Johnson & Son

Personal & Household Prods

6,500

12,000

Alticor

Personal & Household Prods

6,200

13,000

Menard

Retail (Home Improvement)

6,065

27,000

Source: Forbes, America's Largest Private Companies, Nov 12, 2004.

 

Real Estate Ownership, U.S. Commercial (1998)

Corporations

43.1%

Partnerships

25.6

Not-for-profits

10.5

Government

6.0

REUTs

3.6

Institutional investors

3.3

Financial institutions

2.9

Other

5.0

Source: Market Share Reporter (Gale, 1999).

 

Retail Stores, U.S. Discount Store Chains (1997)

($ billion sales)

Wal-Mart

$58.0

Kmart

27.5

Target

20.3

Dollar General

2.6

ShopKo

2.5

Caldor

2.4

Ames

2.3

Family Dollar

1.9

Hills

1.7

Bradlees

1.3

Source: Market Share Reporter (Gale, 1999).

 

Seafood, U.S. (2004)

($ million revenues)

Trident Seafoods (Seattle, Washington)

800

Red Chamber Group (Vernon, California)

793

Pacific Seafood Group (Clackamas, Oregon) $700 million

700

ConAgra's Louis Kemp unit (Omaha, Nebraska) $700 million

700

Source: Seafood Business.

 

Securities, Underwriters, Canada (1998)

($ million bonus credit)

RBC Dominion

11864

CIBC Wood Gundy

10609

Newsbitt Burns

8701

Merrill Lynch

8314

ScotiaMcLeod

7774

Source: Market Share Reporter (Gale, 1999).

 

Securities, Equity Managers, U.S. (1999)

($ million institutional tax-exempt assets under management)

State Street

$405332

Barclays Global

398378

Fidelity

319100

TIAA-CREF

245177

Bankers trust

230236

Source: Market Share Reporter (Gale, 1999).

 

Securities, Underwriters, U.S. (1999)

(market share)

Merrill Lynch 16.0%

 

Salomon Smith Barney

13.5

Morgan STanley Dean Witte

9.3

Credit Suisse First Boston

8.8

Goldman Sachs

8.1

Lehman Brothers

8.0

Chase Manhattan

6.5

other

29.8

Source: Market Share Reporter (Gale, 1999).

 

Seeds

(1999 revenues in US$ millions)

These top ten corporations controlled 31% of the $25 billion commercial seed market in 1999.

DuPont (Pioneer)

US

1,850

Pharmacia (Monsanto)

US

1,700

Syngenta (Novartis)

Swiss

947

Groupe Limagrain

France

700

Grupo Pulsar

Mexico

531

Advanta (AstraZeneca & Cosun)

UK / Netherlands

416

Sakata

Japan

396

KWS AG

Germany

355

Dow & Cargill North America

US

350

Delta Pine Land

US

301

Source: Rural Advancement Foundatioin Internation (RAFI), Dec 2000.

* DuPont is the world's largest seed company with sales of more than $1.9 billion in 2000. Monsanto ranks a close second in the global seed trade with 2000 sales of $1.6 billion. Together they account for almost 15% of annual world commercial seed sales.
* In the lucrative U.S. seed corn market, the companies control 73% of sales.
* [DuPont and Monsanto] command 41% of all significant agricultural biotechnology patents and share about 93% of the GM seed market worldwide.
* Monsanto is number two in global sales of crop chemicals and DuPont is number five. In 2000, their combined sales amounted to $6.6 billion or 22% of global agrochemical sales. (Source: Agribusiness Examiner #154, April 12, 2002 http://www.ea1.com/CARP )

 

Telephone Service, U.S. (1998)

(millions of customers)

AT&T/TCI

80

Bell Atlantic/GTE

41

SBC/Ameritech

30

MCI WorldCom

20

Source: Market Share Reporter (Gale, 1999).

 

Television Groups, U.S. (1999)

(pentration rate)

Fox

35.3%

CBS

30.8

Paxson

29.2

Tribune

27.6

NBC

26.6

ABC

24.0

Chris Craft/United

18.3

Gannett

16.3

Hearst Argyle

16.0

USA Broadcasting

15.4

Source: Market Share Reporter (Gale, 1999).

 

Television Networks, U.S. (1997)

($ million revenues)

NBC

4803

Walt Disney

4122

CBS

3652

News Corp

2730

Tribune Co

861

Gannett

653

AH Bello

537

Univision

460

Cox Enterprises

450

Sinclair Broadcast Group

450

Source: Market Share Reporter (Gale, 1999).

 

Weapons Manufacturers, Worldwide (2002)

COMPANY

 

WEAPONS SALES

(US $)

PERCENT OF COMPANY'S TOTAL SALES

PROFITS

Boeing

USA

20,500,000,000

38

492,000,000

Lockheed Martin

USA

18,870,000,000

71

500,000,000

Northrop Grumman

USA

17,800,000,000

79

175,000,000

Raytheon

USA

15,250,000,000

91

-640,000,000

BAE Systems

UK

14,070,000,000

77

-1,030,000,000

General Dynamics

USA

9,820,000,000

71

917,000,000

Thales

France

6,840,000,000

66

104,000,000

EADS

W. Eur.

5,630,000,000

20

-281,000,000

United Technologies

USA

4,550,000,000

16

2,236,000,000

Finmeccanica

Italy

3,720,000,000

51

191,000,000

L-3 Communications

USA

3,020,000,000

75

178,000,000

Sciene Applications

USA

3,000,000,000

51

246,000,000

Computer Sciences Corp

USA

2,900,000,000

21

440,000,000

Rolls Royce

UK

2,850,000,000

33

80,000,000

Mitsubishi Heavy Industries

Japan

2,780,000,000

13

274,000,000

Pratt & Whitney

USA

2,490,000,000

33

0,000,000

General Electric

USA

2,200,000,000

2

14,118,000,000

DCN

France

2,050,000,000

100

111,000,000

MBDA (BAE, EADS, Finmecannica)

W. Eur.

1,880,000,000

100

0

Honeywell International

USA

1,830,000,000

8

-220,000,000

Source: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute http://projects.sipri.se/milex/aprod/sipridata.html