Major Oil Spills

compiled by George Draffan

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2010

USA Louisiana

On April 20, 2010, an explosion occurred on the semi-submersible offshore drilling rig Deepwater Horizon in the Gulf of Mexico, killing 11 rig workers and injuring 17 others. On April 24, it was found that the wellhead was damaged and was leaking oil into the Gulf.
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2002

Spain

Prestige carrying 20 million gallons (70,000 metric tons) of fuel oil broke up off the Spanish coast.

2001

Ecuador

Ecuadorean-registered ship Jessica, spilled 175,000 gallons of diesel and bunker oil into the sea off the Galapagos Islands in what was seen as one of Galapagos' worst environmental disasters.

2000

South Africa

Some 1,400 tonnes of heavy fuel oil leaked from the bulk carrier Treasure off Cape Town prompting massive rescue of Jackass penguins on Dassen and Robben Islands.

2000

Brazil

A ruptured pipeline spewed about 340,000 gallons of heavy oil into Guanabara Bay, Rio de Janeiro, in Brazil.

2000

South Africa

Some 1,400 tonnes of heavy fuel oil leaked from the bulk carrier Treasure off Cape Town, affecting penguins on Dassen and Robben Islands.

1999

France

The stern of the Maltese tanker Erika sank off the northwest of France after splitting in two. It was carrying 25,000 tonnes of viscous fuel oil.

1999

France

The stern of the Maltese tanker Erika sank off the northwest of Brittany after splitting in two, spilling 25,000 tonnes of viscous fuel oil.

1997

Sea of Japan

Japan Russian tanker Nakhodka spilled 19,000 tonnes of oil after breaking in two in the Sea of Japan.

1996

UK

UK Liberian-registered Sea Empress hit rocks near Milford Haven, Wales, spilling 72,000 tonnes of oil.

1994

Portugal

Panamanian tanker, Cercal, spilled about 2,000 tonnes of crude into the sea after striking a rock near Leixoes harbour, in Oporto.

1994

UAE

15,900 tonnes of crude oil leaked into the Arabian Sea after the Panamanian-flagged Seki collided with the UAE tanker Baynunah 10 miles off the UAE port of Fujairah.

1994

Thailand

About 105,000 gallons of diesel fuel spilled into the sea four miles off the eastern Sriracha coast after oil tanker Visahakit 5 and a cargo ship collided.

1994

United Arab Emirates

UAE 15,900 tonnes of crude oil leaked into the Arabian Sea after the Panamanian-flagged Seki collided with the UAE tanker Baynunah 10 miles off the UAE port of Fujairah.

1994

Thailand

About 105,000 gallons of diesel fuel spilled into the sea four miles off the eastern Sriracha coast after oil tanker Visahakit 5 and a cargo ship collided.

1993

USA Florida

August 10, 1993, three ships collided in Tampa Bay, Florida: the barge Bouchard 155, the freighter Balsa 37, and the barge Ocean 255. The Bouchard 155 spilled an estimated 336,000 gallons of No. 6 fuel oil into Tampa Bay.

1993

UK

The tanker Braer hit rocks near the coast of the Shetland Islands shedding its cargo of 85,000 tonnes of crude in the worst oil wreck in British waters for 26 years.

1992

Indonesia

Liberian-registered tanker Nagasaki Spirit collided with container Ocean Blessing in the Malacca Straits spilling some 12,000 tonnes of crude.

1992

Spain

Greek tanker Aegean Sea ran aground and broke in two near La Coruna spilling most of its 80,000 tonne cargo of oil.

1992

Indonesia

Liberian-registered tanker Nagasaki Spirit collided with container Ocean Blessing in the Malacca Straits, spilling some 12,000 tonnes of crude.

1992

Uzbekistan

Fergana Valley

1991

Italy

The Haven spilled more than 50,000 tons of oil off Genoa in Italy.

1991

Iraq

Iraq released about 460 million gallons of crude oil into the Persian Gulf during the Gulf War.

1991

700 nautical miles (1,300 km) off Angola

A Liberian-registered supertanker, ABT Summer, leaked 260,000 tonnes of oil after an explosion off Angola causing an oil slick 17 nautical miles by three.

1991

Persian Gulf

Beginning in late January of the 1991 Gulf War, the Iraqi Army destroyed tankers, oil terminals, and oil wells in Kuwait, causing the release of about 900,000,000 barrels of oil. This was the largest oil spill in history.

1991

Mediterranean Sea near Genoa, Italy

Amoco Haven tanker disaster

1990

USA Michigan

On September 16, 1990, the tank vessel Jupiter was offloading gasoline at a refinery on the Saginaw River near Bay City, Michigan, when a fire started on board and the vessel exploded.

1990

USA Texas

Megaborg released 5.1 million gallons of oil as the result of a lightering accident and subsequent fire. The incident occurred 60 nautical miles south-southeast of Galveston, Texas on June 8, 1990.

1990

USA California

The tanker, American Trader, leaked 300,000 gallons of crude from a gash in the hull causing an oil slick 14 miles long polluting Bosa Chica, one of southern California's biggest nature preserves.

1990

USA New Jersey

March 6, 1990, the Cibro Savannah exploded and caught fire while departing the pier at the Citgo facility in Linden, New Jersey. About 127,000 gallons of oil remained unaccounted for after the incident. No one knows how much oil burned and how much spilled into the environment.

1989

Morocco

After explosions and a fire Iranian tanker Kharg-5 was abandoned spilling 70,000 tonnes of crude oil, endangering the coast and oyster beds at Oualidia.

1989

USA Alaska

Exxon Valdez grounded and spilled 10 million gallons (38,800 tons) of crude oil into Prince William Sound in Alaska.

1988

700 nautical miles (1,300 km) off Nova Scotia, Canada

Odyssey

1983

South Africa

Fire broke out on the Spanish tanker Castillo de Bellver and 175.6m gallons of light crude burnt off the coast at Cape Town. Fire broke out on the the Castillo de Bellver and its cargo of 252,000 tonnes of oil burnt.

1983

Persian Gulf

Nowruz oil field

1983

Saldanha Bay, South Africa

Castillo de Bellver

1979-80

Mexico

The 2-mile-deep exploratory well, Ixtoc I, blew out on June 3, 1979 in the Bay of Campeche off Ciudad del Carmen, Mexico. By the time the well was brought under control in March, 1980, an estimated 140 million gallons of oil had spilled into the bay.

1979

Gulf of Mexico

On November 1, 1979, the Burmah Agate collided with the freighter Mimosa southeast of Galveston Entrance in the Gulf of Mexico. The collision caused an explosion and a fire on the Burmah Agate that burned until January 8, 1980. An estimated 2.6 million gallons of oil were released into the environment, and another 7.8 million gallons were consumed by the fire.

1979

Trinidad

160,000 tons of crude oil spilled after a collision off Tobago between the Atlantic Empress and the Aegean Captain.

1978

France

Amoco Cadiz encountered stormy weather and ran aground off the coast of Brittany, France on March 16, 1978. Its entire cargo of 68.7 million gallons of oil spilled into the sea, polluting about 200 miles of Brittany’s coastline.

1978

France

About 67.2m gallons of crude spilled after the Amoco Cadiz ran aground near Portsall in France's worst ever tanker accident. The resulting slick eventually covered 125 miles of Breton coast.

1977

Northern Pacific

Liberian-registered Hawaiian Patriot caught fire in the Northern Pacific spilling 30.4m gallons.

1976

USA Massachusetts

December 15, 1976, the Argo Merchant ran aground on Fishing Rip (Nantucket Shoals), 29 nautical miles southeast of Nantucket Island, Massachusetts in high winds and ten foot seas. Six days later, the vessel broke apart and spilled its entire cargo of 7.7 million gallons of No. 6 fuel oil, causing a slick 100 miles long and 60 miles wide.

1976

A Coruña, Spain

Urquiola

1972

Oman

After a collision with Brazilian tanker Horta Barbosa the South Korean tanker Sea Star spilled about 35.3m gallons of crude into the Gulf of Oman.

1970

Sweden

At least 15.3m gallons (Imperial) of oil spilled in a collision involving the Othello in Tralhavet Bay.

1970

Sweden

15.3m gallons of oil spilled in a collision involving the Othello in Tralhavet Bay.

1967

UK

The Torrey Canyon spilled 119,000 tons of crude off the Scilly Islands (Cornwall) in the UK.

  

 more at http://www.cedre.fr/en/spill/chronological-classification.php