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Reports on Regional and Country Forests

Africa

Asia & Pacific Rim

Boreal Forests

Europe

North America

South America

TropicalForests

 

Williams, Michael. Deforesting the Earth: From Prehistory to Global Crisis (University of Chicago Press, 2003).

Chew, Sing C. World Ecological Degradation: Accumulation, Urbanization, and Deforestation, 3000 BC-AD 2000. (AltaMira Press, 2001).

Tucker Richard P. and J.F. Richards, editors. Global Deforestation and the Nineteenth-Century World Economy (Duke University Press, 1983).

World Rainforest Movement indexes articles and links by country

Forests.org Portal indexes by region

Deforestation Rates by Country

Global Forest Watch project of the World Resources Institute

 

Africa

African Statistical Yearbook. (By region; 4 volumes).

Cameroon: An Overview of Logging in Cameroon (World Resources Institute) http://www.wri.org/gfw/cameroon.html

Cameroon: Glastra, Rob, editor. Cut and Run: Illegal Logging and Timber Trade in the Tropics. (Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: International Development Research Centre and Friends of the Earth, 1999). Case studies of timber operations and forest policy in Brazil, Cameroon, Ghana, and Paraguay.

Cameroon: Forest Law Enforcement in Cameroon. Global Witness, November 2002.

Cameroon: Forest Law Enforcement in Cameroon. Global Witness, October 2003.

Gabon: A First Look at Logging in Gabon. (World Resources Institute) http://www.wri.org/gfw/pdf/gabon.pdf

Ghana: Glastra, Rob, editor. Cut and Run: Illegal Logging and Timber Trade in the Tropics. (Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: International Development Research Centre and Friends of the Earth, 1999). Case studies of timber operations and forest policy in Brazil, Cameroon, Ghana, and Paraguay.

High Stakes: The Need to Control Transnational Logging Companies: A Malaysian Case Study (World Rainforest Movement). African operations of Malaysian corporations are profiled.

Kenya: Underlying Causes of Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Kenya, by Lynette Obare and J. B. Wangwe.

Liberia: Logging Off. Global Witness, September 2002. How the Liberian timber industry fuels Liberia's humanitarian disaster and threatens Sierra Leone.

Liberia: Taylor Made: The Pivotal Role of Liberia's Forests in Regional Conflict. Global Witness, Sept 2001.

South Africa: Carrere, Ricardo and Larry Lohmann, Pulping the South: Industrial Treee Plantations & the World Paper Economy (Zed Books, 1996). Structure and impacts of the paper industry and its tree plantations, with case studies of Brazil, Chile, Uruguay, South Africa, Indonesia, and Thailand.

Zaire: The Struggle for Land and the Fate of the Forests, edited by Marcus Colchester and Larry Lohmann (World Rainforest Movemnent, The Ecologist, and Zed Books, 1993) includes case studies of Guatemala, Brazil, Zaire, Thailand, Indonesia, and the Philippines.

 

Asia & Pacific Rim

ForestAlert.org clearing house for forest trade data, focusing on the Asia Pacific region, especially Japan.

Asia Inc Online http://www.asia-inc.com/

Asia On-Line http://www.asiaonline.net/

Forest and Trade Asia from the World Wildlife Fund's Global Forest & Trade Network

Asia Pacific Pulp & Paper Mill Map

Lockwood-Post Directory. Lists pulp and paper mills. There are global, American, European, and Asian editions.(The global edition was formerly known as the PPI International Pulp & Paper Directory).

Asia Pulp & Paper/Technology-Markets. (Periodical).

Asian Timber

Australia: Penna, Ian W. The Eden woodchip scheme and its implications for forest fauna: a political ecology perspective. In: Conservation of Australia's Forest Fauna, edited by D. Lunney. Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales, Sydney, 2004, pp. 63-80.

Australia: Boycott Woodchipping website

Burma: A Conflict Of Interest: The Uncertain Future of Burma's Forests. Global Witness, October 2003.

Burma: A Choice for China. Ending the Destruction of Burma's Frontier Forests. Global Witness, October 2005.

Cambodia: Deforestation Without Limits. Global Witness, July 2002.

Cambodia: The Credibility Gap and the Need to Bridge It. Increasing the pace of forestry reform in Cambodia. Global Witness, June 2001.

Cambodia: Chainsaws Speak Louder than Words. Global Witness, May 2000. A review of the developments in Cambodia's forestry sector in the previous year, including an analysis of the Royal Government of Cambodia's compliance with the 17 points of the January 1999 crackdown.

Cambodia: The Untouchables: Forest Crimes and the Concessionaires-Can Cambodia Afford to Keep Them? Global Witness, December 1999.

Cambodia: Made in Vietnam-Cut in Cambodia: How the Garden Furniture Trade is Destroying Rainforests. Global Witness, April 1999.

Cambodia: Crackdown or Pause? A Chance for Forestry Reform in Camobodia? Global Witness, Feb 1999.

China News Digest (CND)

China: NetChina (Contract opportunities).

China: China's Forest Product Exports: An Overview of Trends by Segment and Destinations by Xiufang Sun, Nian Cheng and Kerstin Canby (ForestTrends, 2005).

Congo / Zimbabwe: Branching Out: Zimbabwe's Resource Colonialism in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Global Wiitness, February 2002.

Economist Intelligence Unit has produced Country Profiles which discuss each country's timber resources, industry, and trade. Recent Profiles include Indonesia, Malaysia, Japan, Philippines, etc.

Hong Kong Trade Development Council http://www.tdc.org.hk

Indonesia: Marchak, M. Patricia. Logging the Globe. (Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press; 1995). Overviews of the North and South, with case studies on Thailand, Indonesia, Brazil, and Chile.

Indonesia: The Struggle for Land and the Fate of the Forests, edited by Marcus Colchester and Larry Lohmann (World Rainforest Movemnent, The Ecologist, and Zed Books, 1993) includes case studies of Guatemala, Brazil, Zaire, Thailand, Indonesia, and the Philippines.

Indonesia: Carrere, Ricardo and Larry Lohmann, Pulping the South: Industrial Treee Plantations & the World Paper Economy (Zed Books, 1996). Structure and impacts of the paper industry and its tree plantations, with case studies of Brazil, Chile, Uruguay, South Africa, Indonesia, and Thailand.

Indonesia Business Center Online

Indonesia: Indonesia Source Book 1993. Indonesian National Development Information Office. (Pages 199-226 review the Indonesian timber industry, log export restrictions, acreages designated for various uses, and Asian Development Bank forestry funding).

Indonesia: Profiting from Plunder: How Malaysia Smuggles Endangered Wood. Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA) and Telapak, Feb 2004.

Indonesia: Timber Traffickers: How Malaysia and Singapore are Reaping A Profit from the Illegal Destruction of Indonesia's Tropical Forests. Environmental Investigation Agency, May 2003.

Indonesia: Framed: Italy's Dirty Trade in Stolen Timber. Environmental Investigation Agency, April 2003. The role of Italian picture frame companies in dealing in illegally logged Indonesian ramin wood.

Indonesia: Above the Law: Corruption, Collution, Nepotism and Fate of Indonesia's Forests. Environmental Investigation Agency, January 2003.

Indonesia: Timber Trafficking: Illegal Logging in Indonesia, South East Asia and International Consumption of Illegally Sourced Timber. Environmental Investigation Agency, Sept 2001.

Indonesia: The Final Cut: Illegal Logging in Indonesia's Orangutan Parks. Environmental Investigation Agency, August 1999.

Indonesia World Bank Country Study 1990. Indonesia: Sustainable Development of Forests, Land & Water.

Japan: ForestAlert.org clearing house for forest trade data, focusing on the Asia Pacific region, especially Japan.

Japan Information Network

Japan: JETRO (Japan External Trade Organization)

Japan: Japan Exports & Imports - Commodity by Country. Tokyo: Japan Tariff Association.

Japan: Japan Lumber Journal. Periodical; annual issues (in 1997, May 31 and June 30) contain comprehensive data on the previous year's imports of various wood products).

Japan: Japan Paper Association. Pulp and Paper Statistics. Tokyo: JPA. (Annual).

Japan: Japan Trade Directory from Japan's External Trade Organization (JETRO) lists specific corporations by the commodities traded. See also JETRO's 1992 List of Japanese Enterprises Promoting Imports

Japan: Penna, Ian W. A Walk in the Beech Forest. Habitat Australia, Feb 1991, 19(1): 29-31.

Japan: Penna, Ian W. Japan's Paper Industry: an Overview of its Structure and Market Trends. Tokyo: Chikyu no Tomo (Friends of the Earth), 1992.

Japan: Penna, Ian W. The Crisis in Japan's Waste Paper Collection and Recycling System. Japan Environment Monitor, Jan 1998, Issue 94: 12-13,15.

Japan: Penna, Ian W. The Political Ecology of the Japanese Paper Industry. PhD dissertation, School of Anthropology, Geog and Env Studies, Univ of Melbourne, Parkville, 2002.

Japan: Timber Takeaway: Japanese Over-Consumption-the Forgotten Campaign. Global Witness, March 2000.

Japanese corporations: Dauvergne, Peter. Shadows in the Forest: Japan and the Politics of Timber in Southeast Asia. MIT Press; 1997.

Malaysian Timber Council

Malaysia: High Stakes: The Need to Control Transnational Logging Companies: A Malaysian Case Study. World Rainforest Movement.

New Zealand Forest Industries Council

PaperAsia. (Periodical).

Pacific Rim Forests Transnational Logging Projects and Activist Opposition

Pacific Rim Pacific Environment and Resources Center (PERC)

Pacific Rim: Graham, Alastair. Wood Flows Around the Pacific Rim: a Corporate Picture. Cygnet, Tasmania: World Wide Fund for Nature; 1994.

Papua New Guinea: Greenpeace, The Untouchables: Rimbunan Hijau's World of Forest Crime and Political Patronage

Papua New Guinea: Logging, Legality and Livelihoods in Papua New Guinea: Synthesis of Official Assessments of the Large-Scale Logging Industry (ForestTrends, March 2006).

Philippines: The Struggle for Land and the Fate of the Forests, edited by Marcus Colchester and Larry Lohmann (World Rainforest Movemnent, The Ecologist, and Zed Books, 1993) includes case studies of Guatemala, Brazil, Zaire, Thailand, Indonesia, and the Philippines.

Russia: All About Russian Forests

Russia: Russian Forest Update Russian NGOs Forest Club.

Russia: Plundering Russia's Far Eastern Taiga: Illegal Logging, Corruption and Trade. Friends of the Earth Japan, Bureau for Regional Oriental Campaigns, and Pacific Environment and Resources Center

Russia: Survey of Illegal Forest Felling Activities in Russia. Greenpeace Russia, 2000.

Russia: Directory of Russian Far East. London: Flegon Press, 1995. (Lists timber enterprises by region. See also Ross Register of Siberian Industry).

Russia: Ross Register of Siberian Industry. New York: Norman Ross Publishing, 1995. (Lists timber enterprises by region. See also Directory of Russian Far East).

Russia Far East Update

Singapore Infomap is a guide to a hub of the Asian and global paper and wood products trade.

Singapore's Illegal Timber Trade & The U.S.-Singapore Free Trade Agreement, Environmental Investigation Agency, 2003.

Singapore Times Business Directory of Singaporre. Singapore: Times Trade Directories.

Southeast Asia: Dauvergne, Peter. Shadows in the Forest: Japan and the Politics of Timber in Southeast Asia. MIT Press; 1997. (An excellent study of the interplay between international business, politics, and corruption).

Thailand: The Struggle for Land and the Fate of the Forests, edited by Marcus Colchester and Larry Lohmann (World Rainforest Movemnent, The Ecologist, and Zed Books, 1993) includes case studies of Guatemala, Brazil, Zaire, Thailand, Indonesia, and the Philippines.

Thailand: Marchak, M. Patricia. Logging the Globe. (Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press; 1995). Overviews of the North and South, with case studies on Thailand, Indonesia, Brazil, and Chile.

Thailand: Carrere, Ricardo and Larry Lohmann, Pulping the South: Industrial Treee Plantations & the World Paper Economy (Zed Books, 1996). Structure and impacts of the paper industry and its tree plantations, with case studies of Brazil, Chile, Uruguay, South Africa, Indonesia, and Thailand.

Thailand Thailand Industrial Buyer's Guide. Bangkok: Business Publications Co.

UN Statistical Yearbook for Asia and the Pacific. (By country data on removals and quantity and value of imports and exports of sawlogs, sawntimber, plywood, and newsprint).

Vietnam: Vietnam Business Directory. Singapore: Crosswin Publications.

Vietnam: Made in Vietnam-Cut in Cambodia: How the Garden Furniture Trade is Destroying Rainforests. Global Witness, April 1999

 

Boreal Forests

Vanishing Halo: Saving the Boreal Forest, by Daniel Gawthrop (Mountaineers, 1999). Includes chapters on Russia, Scandinavia, and Canada.

Taiga Rescue Network

The Taiga Trade: a Report on the Production, Consumption and Trade of Boreal Wood Products, edited by Roger Olsson. (Taiga Rescue Network, 1995).

ForestEthics has a campaign for the boreal forests.

 

Europe

Confederation of European Paper Industries (CEPI) is the European paper industry association.

European Commission

European Forest Institute

European Union

FERN the EU forest campaign.

Forest and Forest Products Country Profiles (from the United Nations) includes Eastern European and former Soviet Union countries.

Lockwood-Post Directory. Lists pulp and paper mills. There are global, American, European, and Asian editions.(The global edition was formerly known as the PPI International Pulp & Paper Directory).

Pulp & Paper Europe. (Periodical).

Russia: Vanishing Halo: Saving the Boreal Forest, by Daniel Gawthrop (Mountaineers, 1999). Includes chapters on Russia, Scandinavia, and Canada.

Scandinavia: Vanishing Halo: Saving the Boreal Forest, by Daniel Gawthrop (Mountaineers, 1999). Includes chapters on Russia, Scandinavia, and Canada.

The Paper and Paperboard Industry in Europe and North America: the Future for Producers and End Users, by Robert Higham (Financial Times; 1995).

 

South America

Amazon: The Last Frontier: Fighting Over Land in the Amazon by Sue Branford and Oriel Glock (Zed Books, 1985).

Argentina's Forest Products Industry: A Country Profile, by Samuel J. Fleishman and Ivan Eastin. (University of Washington, CINTRAFOR, Working Paper WP67, 1998)

Brazil: Carrere, Ricardo and Larry Lohmann, Pulping the South: Industrial Treee Plantations & the World Paper Economy (Zed Books, 1996). Structure and impacts of the paper industry and its tree plantations, with case studies of Brazil, Chile, Uruguay, South Africa, Indonesia, and Thailand.

Brazil: Glastra, Rob, editor. Cut and Run: Illegal Logging and Timber Trade in the Tropics. (Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: International Development Research Centre and Friends of the Earth, 1999). Case studies of timber operations and forest policy in Brazil, Cameroon, Ghana, and Paraguay.

Brazil: Marchak, M. Patricia. Logging the Globe. (Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press; 1995). Overviews of the North and South, with case studies on Thailand, Indonesia, Brazil, and Chile.

Brazil: The Struggle for Land and the Fate of the Forests, edited by Marcus Colchester and Larry Lohmann (World Rainforest Movemnent, The Ecologist, and Zed Books, 1993) includes case studies of Guatemala, Brazil, Zaire, Thailand, Indonesia, and the Philippines.

Chile: Carrere, Ricardo and Larry Lohmann, Pulping the South: Industrial Treee Plantations & the World Paper Economy (Zed Books, 1996). Structure and impacts of the paper industry and its tree plantations, with case studies of Brazil, Chile, Uruguay, South Africa, Indonesia, and Thailand.

Chile: Chile Bosque

Chile: Chile's Forest Products Industry: A Country Profile (University of Washington Center for International Trade in Forest Products, June 2002).

Chile: Chile's Frontier Forests: Conserving a Global Treasure (Global Forest Watch Chile, Universidad Austral de Chile, and World Resources Institute, Feb 2002).

Chile: Marchak, M. Patricia. Logging the Globe. (Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press; 1995). Overviews of the North and South, with case studies on Thailand, Indonesia, Brazil, and Chile.

Chile: U.S. imports of Chilean wood products

Guatemala: The Struggle for Land and the Fate of the Forests, edited by Marcus Colchester and Larry Lohmann (World Rainforest Movemnent, The Ecologist, and Zed Books, 1993) includes case studies of Guatemala, Brazil, Zaire, Thailand, Indonesia, and the Philippines.

Latin America: Changing Tropical Forests: Historical Perspectives on Today's Challenges in Central and South America, edited by HK Steen and RP Tucker (Forest History Society, International Union of Forestry Research Organizations, 1992).

Latin America: Directory of Latin American Corrugated Board Converters. Atlanta, GA; 1991. (Covers 245 plants; includes U.S. and European suppliers).

Latin America: Marchak, M. P. Latin America and the Creation of a Global Forest Industry.

Latin America: Miller Freeman publishes the Asia Pacific Pulp & Paper Mill Map http://www.ppi-mfi.com/

Latin America: Pulp & Paper International. PPI Latin American Pulp & Paper Mill Map.

Latin America: UN Statistical Yearbook for Latin America and the Caribbean. (By country data on removals and quantity and value of imports and exports of sawlogs, sawntimber, plywood, and newsprint).

Malaysian corporations operations in Latin America and elsewhere are profiled in the World Rainforest Movement report High Stakes: The Need to Control Transnational Logging Companies: A Malaysian Case Study.

Paraguay: Glastra, Rob, editor. Cut and Run: Illegal Logging and Timber Trade in the Tropics. (Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: International Development Research Centre and Friends of the Earth, 1999). Case studies of timber operations and forest policy in Brazil, Cameroon, Ghana, and Paraguay.

Uruguay: Pulp Factions: Uruguay's Environmentalists v. Big Paper, by Raúl Pierri (Special to CorpWatch, January 16, 2006).

Uruguay: Pulping the South: Industrial Treee Plantations & the World Paper Economy by Ricardo Carrere and Larry Lohmann (Zed Books, 1996). Structure and impacts of the paper industry and its tree plantations, with case studies of Brazil, Chile, Uruguay, South Africa, Indonesia, and Thailand.

 

North America

Canada: British Columbia: Marchak, M. Patricia, Scott Aycock, and Deborah Herbert. Falldown: Forest Policy in British Columbia. (Vancouver, BC: Ecotrust Canada, 1999). Policy, industry structure, corporate profiles, and First Nations, and recommendations for reform.

Canada: Canada's Forest Landscape Fragments: A First Approximation (Global Forest Watch canada, 2006).

Canada: Canada's Forest Network Guide to Canadian Forest and Forest Product Information

Canada: Canada's Forests at a Crossroads: An Assessment in the Year 2000. (World Resources Institute)

Canada: Council of Forest Industries

Canada: Pulp & Paper Canada. (Periodical).

Canada: Stumped: The Forest Industry in Transition by Ken Drushka (Douglas & McIntyre, 1985). How institutional "multiple use" and the industrial timber "management" of big corporations have put the independent logger out of business.

Canada: The State of Canada's Forests 1998-1999 (Includes provincial profiles of timber resources, production, trade, employment, etc).

Canada: Vanishing Halo: Saving the Boreal Forest by Daniel Gawthrop (Seattle: Mountaineers, 1999). Includes chapters on Russia, Scandinavia, and Canada.

Canadian Forest and Forest Industry News

Canadian Forest Industries. (Periodical).

Lockwood-Post Directory. Lists pulp and paper mills. There are global, American, European, and Asian editions.(The global edition was formerly known as the PPI International Pulp & Paper Directory).

Mexico: Sierra Madre Alliance provides support to the Tarahumara and Tepehuan people of Mexico's Sierra Madre region.

Production, Consumption, and Prices of Softwood Products in North America (USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Resource Bulletin PNW-RB-151, 1988).

Pulp and Paper North American Factbook. San Francisco: Miller Freeman. (Annual; industry overviews for U.S., Canada, and Mexico; analyses of paper, paperboard, and fiber sources; top producing and consuming countries ranked; labor analysis; history of environmental regulations and pollution expenditures; foreign ownership of U.S. and Canadian pulp and paper corporations).

Random Lengths Big Book lists lumber and panel mills by US state and Canadian province.

The Paper and Paperboard Industry in Europe and North America: the Future for Producers and End Users, by Robert Higham (Financial Times, London, 1995).

Timber Trends and Prospects for North America. United Nations E.90.II.E.4.

US Northeast: Changing Forestland Ownership Patterns in the Northern Forest and Implications for Biodiversity (Manomet Center for Conservation Sciences, 2004). Press release.

US South: Smith, Danna. Chipping Forests & Jobs: A Report on the Economic and Environmental Impacts of Chip Mills. Dogwood Alliance.

US West: Statistical Yearbook of the Western Lumber Industry (Western Wood Products Association).

US West: Western Lumber Facts (Western Wood Products Association).

US: An Analysis of the Timber Situation in the United States, 1989-2040 (USDA Forest Service, General Technical Report RM-199, 1990).

US: Hardwood Review Export (trade data for U.S. exports, by country and species).

 

Tropical Forests

Business in the Rainforests: Corporations, Deforestation and Sustainability, by Conrad MacKerron (Investor Responsibility Research Center, 1993).

Cut and Run: Illegal Logging and Timber Trade in the Tropics, edited by Rob Glastra (Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: International Development Research Centre and Friends of the Earth, 1999). Case studies of timber operations and forest policy in Brazil, Cameroon, Ghana, and Paraguay.

Economics of the Tropical Timber Trade, by Edward B. Barbier (Earthscan, 1994).

Forests.org (Voluminous archives and many links to organizations working on forest issues).

International Tropical Timber Organization

Rainforest Action Network

Rainforest Information Centre

The Primary Source: Tropical Forests and Our Future, by Norman Myers (W.W. Norton, 1984).

Third World Debt and Tropical Deforestation, by J.R. Kahn and J.A. McDonald. Ecological Economics 12: 107-123 (1995).