Garments & Footwear Industries

compiled March 2003
by George Draffan at
Endgame

Top Apparel Corporations

Top Apparel Manufacturers Worldwide

Top 10 US Apparel Manufacturers

Apparel, Accessories & Luxury Goods
Manufacturers Ranked 1997-2001

World Cotton Fabric Imports by Region (1995)

World Apparel Exports by Country (1995)

Top External Sources of U.S. Apparel (1996)

Leading US Importers of Cotton Textiles (1996)

Textile Companies Ranked (2001)

 Apparel Manufacturing Wages in 1998, in U.S. Dollars

 

Sectors in US Apparel and Footwear Retail Market

 

Bibliography & Links

Top US Footwear Retailers (2000)

Footwear Manufacturers, 1997-2001

Athletic Shoes Manufacturers

Producing / Exporting Countries (Athletic Shoes)

Importing Countries (Athletic Shoes)

Footwear Manufacturers

Athletic Shoes Manufacturers

Producing / Exporting Countries (Athletic Shoes)

Importing Countries (Athletic Shoes)

US Footwear Production/Exports/Imports, 1982-2001

Value of US Footwear Imports for Major Sectors, 1996-2001

US Imports of Nonrubber Footwear, by Country, 1996-2001

US Imports of Rubber Footwear, by Country, 1996-2001

US Imports of Rubber-Canvas Footwear, by Country, 1996-2001

 

Apparel, Accessories & Luxury Goods Manufacturers Ranked 1997-2001

Revenues ($ millions) >>>

2001

2000

1999

1998

1997

VF Corp

5,519

5,748

5,552

5,479

5,222

Jones Apparel Group

4,097

4,142

3,151

1,685

1,387

Liz Claiborne

3,448

3,104

2,806

2,535

2,412

Polo Ralph Lauren

2,364

2,226

1,955

1,727

1,471

Kellwood

2,282

2,362

1,565

2,151

1,782

Tommy Hilfiger

1,877

1,881

1,917

1,637

847

Phillips-Van Heusen

1,432

1,455

1,271

1,303

1,350

Russell

1,161

1,218

1,142

1,180

1,228

Columbia Sportwear

780

615

470

427

353

Nautica Enterprises

692

627

621

553

485

Oxford Industries

677

812

839

862

774

Quicksilver

621

519

446

318

233

Coach

616

549

508

NA

NA

Hartmarx

601

681

727

725

718

Fossil

546

505

419

305

245

Oshkosh b'Gosh

463

453

430

423

395

Haggar

446

435

437

405

408

Ashworth

125

126

108

107

89

Source: Standard & Poor's Industry Survey: Apparel & Footwear, Dec. 12, 2002, p. 31.

 

Textile Companies Ranked (2001)

 

2001 Revenues
($ millions)

Linens 'n Things

1,824

Collins & Aikman

1,823

Westpoint & Stevens

1,765

Foamex International

1,253

Unifi

1,131

Wellman

1,081

Dixie Group

535

Cone Mills

450

Culp

410

Delta Woodside

213

Fab Industries

118

Decorator Industries

35

 

Source: Mregent Industry Review, July 2002-January 2003, p. 510.

 

Leading US Importers of Cotton Textiles (1996)

 

US$ billions

Hong Kong

2.7

China

1.7

United States

1.6

Germany

1.1

United Kingdom

1.05

Source: United Nations, 1998

 

World Cotton Fabric Imports by Region (1995)

Asia-Pacific

43.7%

Europe

30.9%

Americas

13.7%

Africa

7.6%

Others

4.1%

Source: United Nations, 1998

 

Importing Countries (Athletic Shoes)

 

% of world imports

USA

31

Hong Kong

12

Germany

9

UK

7

France

6

Japan

5

Italy

5

Belgium

2

Netherlands

2

Canada

2

Other

19

Total

100

 

Source: Pakistan, Small & Medium Enterprise Development Authority, Footwear, http://www.smeda.org.pk/bopp/Footwear.pdf

 

US footwear production/exports/imports, 1982-2001

Year

Producion
(million pairs)

Exports
(million pairs)

Exports value
($ million)

Imports
(million pairs)

Imports value
($ million)

2001

79

24

$340

1,424

$13,085

2000

97

23

$329

1,708

$14,703

1999

121

 

 

 

 

1998

163

 

 

 

 

1997

190

 

 

 

 

1996

196

 

 

 

 

1995

220

 

 

 

 

1994

243

 

 

 

 

1993

252

 

 

 

 

1992

274

 

 

 

 

1991

282

 

 

 

 

1990

290

 

 

 

 

1989

312

 

 

 

 

1988

325

 

 

 

 

1987

312

 

 

 

 

1986

311

 

 

 

 

1985

337

 

 

 

 

1984

384

 

 

 

 

1983

433

 

 

 

 

1982

466

 

 

 

 

 

Source: US Bureau of the Census. Current Industrial Reports: MA316A Footwear Production 2001. Issued Sept 2002. ftp://ftp.census.gov/pub/industry/1/ma316a01.pdf

 

Detailed statistics on US imports of footwear can be seen at http://www.ita.doc.gov/td/industry/otea/Trade-Detail/Latest-December/Imports/64/index.html

 

Statistics on statistics on US exports are at http://www.ita.doc.gov/industry/otea/Trade-Detail/Latest-December/Exports/index.html

 

Value of US footwear imports for major sectors, 1996-2001

(in thousand US dollars)

Sector

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

Non-rubber

10,478,115

11,544,344

11,486,121

11,453,923

12,248,861

12,678,628

Rubber

1,702,539

1,838,429

1,861,079

2,178,095

2,260,043

2,225,193

Rubber-canvas

1,658,615

1,817,658

1,859,162

2,171,795

2,248,325

2,141,256

 

Source: various tables at US International Trade Administration http://www.ita.doc.gov/td/ocg/leather.htm

 

 

US Imports of Nonrubber Footwear, by Country, 1996-2001

(in 1,000 Units of Quantity)

Country

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

% of total imports in 2001

China

750,944

842,110

895,142

984,847

1,086,364

1,130,738

78%

Brazil

91,601

89,686

82,385

83,777

96,187

94,871

7%

Indonesia

67,129

67,668

59,226

63,340

59,385

56,713

4%

Italy

49,528

52,568

47,711

46,484

50,848

47,260

3%

Thailand

17,620

17,788

18,642

18,759

18,570

18,135

1%

Spain

21,764

24,206

22,247

17,895

17,500

14,453

1%

Taiwan

17,845

19,127

13,679

12,562

11,170

9,267

1%

Hong Kong

7,946

10,222

6,655

7,165

8,750

9,092

1%

Mexico

16,731

23,582

19,410

13,262

11,917

8,470

1%

Domin Rep

4,586

9,132

8,044

6,436

5,910

8,217

1%

other sources

53,169

57,078

56,690

50,735

47,649

45,571

3%

total

1,098,863

1,213,167

1,229,831

1,305,262

1,414,250

1,442,787

100%

Source: US International Trade Administration http://www.ita.doc.gov/td/ocg/imp314num.htm

 

US Imports of Rubber Footwear, by Country, 1996-2001

(in 1,000 Units of Quantity)

Country

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

% of total

imports in 2001

China

191,320

194,993

212,424

254,852

281,980

275,046

80%

Mexico

20,351

20,668

23,373

25,020

22,831

21,924

6%

Indonesia

24,894

22,170

15,053

16,113

16,761

18,449

5%

Thailand

6,941

8,521

7,843

8,408

9,001

8,444

2%

Vietnam

1,474

3,332

3,731

5,020

3,509

4,012

1%

Canada

3,019

3,768

3,258

2,343

2,621

2,642

1%

Brazil

1,325

939

910

1,786

2,353

2,591

1%

Taiwan

3,915

2,556

2,177

2,594

2,571

1,835

1%

Hong Kong

2,403

2,942

1,670

1,629

1,827

1,524

0%

Italy

574

594

972

1,590

1,438

1,294

0%

other

21,000

14,468

11,081

8,005

5,757

4,099

1%

total

277,216

274,951

282,492

327,360

350,649

341,860

100%

 

Source: US International Trade Administration http://www.ita.doc.gov/td/ocg/imp3021num.htm

 

 

US Imports of Rubber-Canvas Footwear, by Country, 1996-2001

Country

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

% of total
imports in 2001

China

182,891

187,432

210,672

256,299

282,946

246,249

80%

Mexico

20,814

24,752

27,344

24,123

22,233

20,215

7%

Indonesia

23,804

21,263

14,031

15,154

16,114

17,893

6%

Thailand

6,643

8,199

7,600

8,189

8,904

8,305

3%

Dominican Rep

12,088

14,172

10,872

5,544

4,136

4,295

1%

Vietnam

1,476

3,337

3,730

5,024

3,530

4,014

1%

Brazil

1,342

1,025

1,792

3,065

3,591

2,433

1%

Hong Kong

2,179

2,833

1,492

1,567

1,243

1,279

0%

Italy

649

689

1,167

1,754

1,464

1,242

0%

Korea

7,323

3,236

1,600

2,617

1,706

1,195

0%

other

6,863

6,299

6,324

5,195

4,198

2,564

1%

total

266,072

273,237

286,624

328,531

350,065

309,684

100%

Source: US International Trade Administration http://www.ita.doc.gov/td/ocg/imp3021canvasnum.htm

 

 

World Apparel Exports by Country (1995)

China

21.9%

Italy

12.9%

Hong Kong

8.7%

Germany

6.7%

United States

5.9%

Others

43.9%

Source: United Nations, 1998

 

Top External Sources of U.S. Apparel (1996)

1996 volume
in millions of square meter equivalents

Mexico

1099

China

862

Hong Kong

760

Dominican Republic

653

Taiwan

574

Bangladesh

529

Honduras

527

Philippines

441

Source: American Apparel Manufacturers Association, 1997

 

Producing / Exporting Countries (Athletic Shoes)

pairs produced
(million)

pairs exported
(million)

China

5,841

3,245

India

680

?

Brazil

527

144

Italy

420

372

Turkey

283

?

Thailand

272

150

Mexico

265

206

Indonesia

262

173

Vietnam

240

206

Spain

208

152

Pakistan

?

207

Poland

?

101

Portugal

?

94

Other

?

?

Total

11,300

?

Source: Pakistan, Small & Medium Enterprise Development Authority, Footwear, http://www.smeda.org.pk/bopp/Footwear.pdf

 

 

Sectors in US apparel and footwear retail market

Type of retailers

Examples

% of total
US apparel sales

discounters (mass merchants, off-price retailers, factory outlets)

Dress Barn, Payless

30%

specialty stores

Gap, Limited

28%

department stores

Macy's, Nordstrom

20%

national chains

Sears, Wal-Mart

13%

other (mail order, e-tailers, etc)

Land's End, J. Crew

9%

Source: Standard & Poor's, Industry Survey: Apparel & Footwear, Oct 21, 2001, p. 18, citing NPD Group.

 

Top US footwear retailers (2000)

#1

Payless ShoeSource

Sold 225 million pairs of shoes in 2000 (7% of the $39 billion market).

#2

Wal-Mart

 

#3

Kmart

 

Source: Standard & Poor's, Industry Survey: Apparel & Footwear, Oct 21, 2001, p. 18.

 

Top Apparel Corporations

 

Year 2000 sales
($ million)

Sara Lee

7,900

VF Corp

5,748

Jones Apparel

4,143

Liz Claiborne

3,104

Nike Apparel

2,800

Kellwood

2,362

Polo Ralph Lauren

2,226

Tommy Hilfiger

1,900

Fruit of the Loom

1,500

Phillips Van Heusen

1,455

Russell

1,218

Oxford Industries

812

Hartmarx

681

Donna Karan Intl

663

Nautica

628

Columbia Sportswear

615

Quicksilver

519

Oshkosh B'Gosh

453

Haggar

435

Source: Standard & Poor's, Industry Survey: Apparel & Footwear, Oct 21, 2001, p. 8, 28.

 

Top Apparel Manufacturers Worldwide

Bennetton Group, S.p.A (Italy)

Hugo Boss AG (Germany)

Wacoal, Intl (Japan)

Source: Encyclopedia of Global Industries, 1998

 

Top 10 US Apparel Manufacturers

Sara Lee

VF

Levi Strauss

Liz Claiborne

Kellwood

Warnaco Group

Polo

Tommy Hilfiger

Wacoal

Fruit of the Loom

Source: Hoover’s Online

 

Apparel manufacturing wages in 1998, in U.S. dollars

Country

Productivity (Index)

Hourly Compensation
(includes wages & benefits)

U.S.

100

$8.00

Dominican Republic

70

$1.15

Malaysia

65

$1.15

Mexico

70

$0.85

Guatemala

70

$0.65

Thailand

65

$0.65

Indonesia

50

$0.15

DATA: Kurt Salmon Associates, cited in Sweatshop Watch http://www.sweatshopwatch.org/swatch/industry/ March 24, 2003

 

Footwear Manufacturers, 1997-2001

 Revenues ($ millions)

2001

2000

1999

1998

1997

Nike

9,893

9,489

8,995

8,777

9,533

Reebok

2,993

2,865

2,900

3,225

3,644

Brown Shoe

1,756

1,695

1,594

1,540

1,569

Timberland

1,184

1,091

917

862

796

Wolverine

720

701

666

669

665

Stride Rite

529

548

573

539

516

K-Swiss

236

222

285

161

116

Skechers USA

960

 

 

 

 

Genesco

680

 

 

 

 

Vans

341

 

 

 

 

Maxwell Shoe

182

 

 

 

 

Saucony

166

 

 

 

 

RG Barry

144

 

 

 

 

Weyco Group

132

 

 

 

 

LaCrosse Footwear

125

 

 

 

 

Rocky Shoes & Boots

103

 

 

 

 

Global Sports

103

 

 

 

 

Candies

95

 

 

 

 

Deckers Outdoor

91

 

 

 

 

McRae Industries

57

 

 

 

 

Wellco Enterprises

19

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sources: Standard & Poor's, Industry Survey: Apparel & Footwear, Dec 12, 2002, p. 31; and Mergent Industry Review, July 2002-January 2003, p. 478.

 

Athletic Shoes Manufacturers

 

Market share

(1st qtr 2000)

Nike

39.2%

Adidas

15.1

Reebok

10.9

New Balance

9.4

K-Swiss

3.6

Timberland

2.9

Asics

2.1

Saucony

1.4

Skechers

1.4

And 1

1.2

Source: SportsTrend.Info, Athletic Footwear Market Share Report Announced, Business Wire, April 7, 2000

http://www.snowboardnetwork.com/sports/athletic_footwear_market_share.htm

 

 

Producing / Exporting Countries (Athletic Shoes)

 

pairs produced (million)

 pairs exported (million)

China

5,841

3,245

India

680

?

Brazil

527

144

Italy

420

372

Turkey

283

?

Thailand

272

150

Mexico

265

206

Indonesia

262

173

Vietnam

240

206

Spain

208

152

Pakistan

?

207

Poland

?

101

Portugal

?

94

Other

?

?

Total

11,300

?

Source:  Pakistan, Small & Medium Enterprise Development Authority, Footwear, http://www.smeda.org.pk/bopp/Footwear.pdf

 

Importing Countries (Athletic Shoes)

 

% of world imports

USA

31

Hong Kong

12

Germany

9

UK

7

France

6

Japan

5

Italy

5

Belgium

2

Netherlands

2

Canada

2

Other

19

Total

100

Source:  Pakistan, Small & Medium Enterprise Development Authority, Footwear, http://www.smeda.org.pk/bopp/Footwear.pdf

 

Footwear Manufacturers

 

Year 2000 Revenues

($ million)

Nike

9,488.8

Reebok

2,865.2

Brown Shoe

1,694.9

Timberland

1,091.5

Wolverine

701.3

Stride Rite

548.3

K-Swiss

221.6

 

Source: Standard & Poor's, Industry Survey: Apparel & Footwear, Oct 21, 2001, p. 28.

 

Athletic Shoes Manufacturers

 

Market share
(1st qtr 2000)

Nike

39.2%

Adidas

15.1

Reebok

10.9

New Balance

9.4

K-Swiss

3.6

Timberland

2.9

Asics

2.1

Saucony

1.4

Skechers

1.4

And 1

1.2

Source: SportsTrend.Info, Athletic Footwear Market Share Report Announced, Business Wire, April 7, 2000 http://www.snowboardnetwork.com/sports/athletic_footwear_market_share.htm

 

 

Bibliography & Links

American Apparel & Footwear Association http://www.apparelandfootwear.org

American Apparel & Footwear Association www.americanapparel.org

American Apparel Producers' Network www.usawear.org

American Textile Manufacturers Institute http://www.atmi.org/

Apparel News http://www.apparelnews.net

ASEAN Federation of Textile Industries (AFTEX)

Europe footwear statistics http://europa.eu.int/comm/enterprise/footwear/statistics.htm

European Apparel and Textile Organization (EURATEX) www.euratex.org

European Commission, footwear statistics http://europa.eu.int/comm/enterprise/footwear/statistics.htm

European Confederation of Shoe Retailers' Associations (CEDDEC)

European textile ecolabel companies europa.eu.int/comm/environment/ecolabel/ consumers/db_textiles.htm

Footwear Distributors and Retailers of America http://www.fdra.org

Footwear Industries of America http://www.fia.org (FIA to merge with Apparel Association)

Hoover's Industry Snapshot: Apparel, Shoes & Accessories Industry http://www.hoovers.com/industry/snapshot/0,2204,42,00.html

International Council of Shopping Centers www.icsc.org

National Association of Fashion and Accessory Designers www.nafad.com

National Labor Committee including country reports with contractors http://www.nlcnet.org/resources/resources.htm

Pakistan, Small & Medium Enterprise Development Authority, Footwear, http://www.smeda.org.pk/bopp/Footwear.pdf

Professional Apparel Association www.proapparel.com

Rubber and Plastic Footwear Manufacturers Association

Shoe Stats http://www.fia.org

Sourcing Strategies for Manufacturers in Textile-Apparel-Retail home.ku.edu.tr/~btan/Presentations/research/textile-apparel-supplychain01.pdf

Sporting Goods Intelligence http://www.sginews.com/sginews/index.html

Sporting Goods Manufacturers Association http://www.sportlink.com

Sporting Goods Manufacturers Associationhttp://www.sgma.com

Standard & Poor's, Industry Survey: Apparel & Footwear, October 11, 2002.

Union of Needletrades, Industrial, and Textile Employees (UNITE) www.uniteunion.org

US companies listed with Chinese contractors http://www.nlcnet.org/resources/chinac.htm

US Office of Textiles and Apparel - publications http://otexa.ita.doc.gov/pubdesc.htm

US Office of Textiles and Apparel - trade data http://otexa.ita.doc.gov/msrpoint.htm

Worldwide Responsible Apparel Production www.wrapapparel.org