Corporate profiles compiled by George Draffan

Public Information Network, PO Box 95316, Seattle WA 98145-2316 USA

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541, 5-GA, Namdaemunno, Chung-Gu, Seoul, Korea
telephone 011-82-2-759-2114 fax 011-82-2-753-9489

Daewoo International (America), 100 Daewoo Place, Carlstadt NJ 07072
telephone 201-935-8700 fax 201-935-6491

Daewoo was created in 1967 as a textile exporting company. Has had contracts with Sears, Penney, and Montgomery Ward. Entered the construction business in the 1970s, expanding to Libya. Took over faltering Korean government enterprises. Now builds for Caterpillar, Northern Telecom, Boeing, Lockheed, General Dynamics, Daimler-Benz, and United Technologies. Operates in 130 countries through 70 offices and subsidiaries. Had 1990 sales of 5,246 billion Korean won, in electronics (computers, semiconductors, communications equipment, household appliances, audio, and video), shipbuilding, textiles, steel and other metals, vehicles, chemicals, and building materials (Hoover's Handbook of World Business 1992, p. 180; Worldscope databse records).

Planning a $100 million electronics products project in Tashkent in Uzbekistan (Business Week, Nov. 16, 1992, p. 53-54).

A Daewoo-led consortium is working on a three-year, $100 million feasibility study for a $20 billion natural gas project. The project could involve a pipeline from Yakutsk in eastern Russia (at a trillion cubic meters, the largest natural gas field outside of Alaska), through North Korea to the South. Also involved are Yukong, Samsung, Lucky-Goldstar International, and the Korean Petroleum Development Agency (Business Week, Nov. 16, 1992, p. 53-54).




PO Box 600202, D-7000 Stuttgart 60, West Germany

Mercedez-Benz of North America, One Mercedes Dr., Montvale NJ 07645, 201-573-0600

Founded in 1886; employs 320,000 in car and truck manufacturing and military contracting (The Global Marketplace, 1987, p. 172-183).

Has plans for a Mexican auto assembly plant (Mexico welcomes carmakers," Los Angeles Times/Seattle Times, Apr. 22 1992).




1-1, Imai 4-chome, Fuji City Shizuoka 417, Japan, tel: (0545) 30-3000

Daishowa America Ltd., 701 Fifth, Suite 7200, Seattle WA 98104, 206-623-1772

Daishowa Canada, Suite 3500, Park Place, 666 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC V6C 2X8 Canada

Pulp and paper manufacturing; newspaper, printing and packaging paper accounted for 77 percent of 1992 sales; paperboard for another 16 percent. About 85 percent of its sales were in Japan (Worldscope database record). Owned by the Saito family of Japan.

The Elwha dams in Olympic National Park are used for hydroelectric power generation for Daishowa's Port Angeles, Washington pulp mill. The dams are actually owned by James River Corporation, which sold the mill to Daishowa. The Daishowa mill is billed as the first in the U.S. to produce "recycled" telephone directory paper.

In 1988, the Alberta, Canada provincial government granted 11,600 square miles to Daishowa, including the 4,000 square mile traditional territory of the Lubicon Lake Cree people. The bleached-kraft pulp mill on the Peace River would also affect the Wood Buffalo National Park. In March 1988, Daishowa agreed not to cut unceded Lubicon territory until a land rights agreement had been reached with the federal and provincial governments. But Daishowa has reneged on the agreement by using its subsidiaries Buchanan Lumber and Brewster Construction to build roads and prepare for logging. In November 1991, the Friends of the Lubicon announced their "Boycott Daishowa Campaign." Tom Siddon, Minister of Indian Affairs, called for meetings in February 1992 between the Lubicons, Alberta, and himself. In January 1995, Daishowa initiated legal action against the FOL; by then 47 companies with 4,300 retail outlets had honored the boycott and Daishowa was claiming $5 million in lost sales. In May 1995, an Ontario provincial court rejected Daishowa's claim that the boycott ws illegal, but see also "Ontario Court Bans [Daishowa] Boycott," Boycott Quarterly, Spring 1996, 3(3): 34.

Western Canada Wilderness Committee Lubicon Campaign Report, Fall 1995.

High Country News, Dec. 17, 1990, p. 13).

Caribou Pulp & Paper (Quesnel, B.C. and Hinton, Alberta) is owned by Champion International's Weldwood and Daishowa-Marubeni International (Champion International 1992 Form 10-K, p. 3).

Friends of the Lubicon, 485 Ridelle Ave, Toronto O M6B 1K6, 416-783-4694, 416-763-7500, fax 416-603-2715, email:, SISIS web site :

Lubicon Lake Indian Nation, P.O. Box 6731 Peace River, AB, T8S 1S5 Canada.

For more information, a Daishowa boycott packet, or to help with the Daishowa boycott, contact Dan Clarke, 5317 46th Ave South, Seattle WA 98118 USA, Phone: (206) 723-4703. Fax (206) 525-5086.

March 2000 announcement of merger:
"Nippon Paper Industries Co. and Daishowa Paper Manufacturing Co. plan to combine operations, creating Japan's biggest paper manufacturer. Nippon Paper is Japan's second-largest paper maker, while Daishowa Paper is fourth-largest. The combined company is expected to capture 32.2 percent of the domestic paper market. The current leader is Oji Paper Co. with about 23.7 percent. The merger agreement, announced Monday and expected to be completed in April 2001, will save the companies an estimated $467 million annually and allow them to take greater advantage of Japan's rebounding paper market, analysts said. "Our tie-up resulted from the need to better address the changes in paper demand caused by new information and telecommunications technologies as well as to cope with increasing international competition," said Masao Kobayashi, president of Nippon Paper, at a news conference. The deal is subject to approval by each company's shareholders, and analysts said the combination may run into difficulty if Daio Paper Corp., Daishowa's largest shareholder, opposes the move. Investors welcomed the news Monday. Nippon Paper's shares rose 14.83 percent, while Daishowa Paper's shares gained 9.36 percent. (Associated Press, March 27, 2000).



DAIYA MALAYSIA see Mitsubishi



DE BEERS see Anglo American




519 NW 11th Drive, Greasham, OR 97030, 503-665-2161

Teak and redwood veneer (Directory of the Forest Products Industry, 1988).




1 Cowan St., Box 1595, Wilmington, NC 28402, 919-763-5409

Importers of teak, mahogany, afrormosia, etc. (International Hardwood Producers Association 1988-1989 Membership Directory). With the International Hardwood Products Association, Dean Hardwoods lobbied against Moynihan's Senate bill (S.822) and Robert Matsui's House bill (H.R.2578) which would ban the import of teak products from Burma (World Rainforest Report, v.6 n.2, 1990); Dean's president said "there have been warring factions in Burma for hundreds of years, and we think it is terribly unrealistic for outsiders, however well intentioned, to impose their political will on such people" (Burma Issues, Aug. 1993, p. 8, citing Franklin's Insight, Sept. 15, 1992).



DEBAT see Laboratoires Debat




Owned by RJ Reynolds from 1979 to 1990.

Del Monte owns Bandegua, a banana monopoly in Guatemala.

"REPORTS LINK DEL MONTE TO VIOLENCE AGAINST WORKERS from a press statement released December 23 [2000] by the U.S./Labor Education in the Americas Project (US/LEAP) New reports link Florida-based Fresh Del Monte Produce to violent intimidation of its banana workers in Guatemala. According to sworn testimony provided to the Guatemalan national police, the chief of security and the engineer for Del Monte's Guatemalan subsidiary, Bandegua, were both part of a group of 200 armed men who forced the resignation of Del Monte union leaders at gunpoint in October. A Guatemalan criminal judge has issued warrants for the arrest of the security chief, Captain Carlos Enrique Hernandez Diaz, and the engineer, Teodoro Jimenez. Sources say the security chief has been working on Del Monte's Guatemalan plantations since October despite complaints made to Del Monte. Union leaders also reported that the alleged "commander" of the 200 armed thugs, Mr. Obdulio Mendoza Matta, is now helping run one of Del Monte's plantations previously worked by the ousted union. Mr. Mendoza has reportedly hired workers and supervises production at the Arapahoe plantation, one of the three plantations in the Bobos district of Morales that are at the center of the conflict between Fresh Del Monte and the union. In response to this evidence that three men allegedly involved in the violent intimidation of the union are working on the Del Monte plantations, US/LEAP Executive Director Stephen Coats called on Mr. Abu-Ghazeleh, CEO for Del Monte, to immediately suspend doing business with anyone involved in the violent intimidation and to return to the negotiating table with the union." (
Contact: U.S./Labor Education in the Americas Project, (773) 262-6502, <>




In 1991, Guyana was forced to devalue its currency by 56 percent to help deal with its IMF/World Bank debt. The International Development Agency (another World Bank agency) put money into the timber industry in the 1980s to boost production. The Guyana national logging company, Demerara Woods Limited, was recently sold to two British trusts for $16.5 million and reincorporated as Demerara Timbers Ltd. It got $40 million from the United Dutch Group, whose United Dutch Shipping will transport timber overseas. Many other corporations are logging and mining in Guyana (Marcus Colchester, "Sacking Guyana" in Multinational Monitor, Sept. 1991, p. 8-14).




PO Box 100944, 4300 Essen 1, Germany

Deminex has oil exploration, development, and/or production operations (and offices) in UK (London), Egypt (Cairo), Syria, Norway (Oslo), Argentina (Buenos Aires), Canada (Calgary), U.S. (Urbana Corporation, Dallas), and Indonesia (Jakarta) (Whole World Oil Directory 1991, p. 141).




Dia's partners in the Camberwell Coal Joint Venture include Navidale Pty Ltd., and Toyota Tsusho Mining (Australia); it is an open cut coal mine opened in May 1991 in the Hunter Valley of New South Wales, Australia. The coal is exported to Japan via the Main Northern Railway, which connects to Newcastle Port (Mining Magazine, July 1991, p. 20).




"Developers suspended work on the $1.3 billion Diavik diamond mine project in Canada's Northwest Territories yesterday after the federal government refused to issue a land-use permit because they lacked an environmental agreement. The project involves building a dam and draining part of a lake to conduct open-pit mining on the lake bed. Robert Nault, Canada's Indian Affairs Minister, said a land-use permit could be issued to partners Rio Tinto PLC and Aber Resources Ltd. after an environmental agreement is reached. The agreement includes plans for air quality, caribou herd management and the involvement of local communities in environmental monitoring. The government's delay 'caught Diavik and industry observers by surprise' because the project passed a 'stringent' environmental review in November 1999. And now construction of the mine, which was to have begun this spring, could be delayed for one year" (Greenwire, Jan. 21, 2000, citing Allan Robinson, Toronto Globe and Mail, Jan. 21; and Scott Morrison, Financial Times, Jan. 21).




146 Main Street, Maynard MA 01754, 508-493-5111

Manufacturer of VAX mainframe computers, networking and systems software and services. About 60 percent of DEC's 1991 sales of $14 billion came from foreign countries; sales doubled between 1986 and 1991 (Hoover's Handbook of American Business 1993, p. 240).

IBM and Digital Equipment have signed agreements to help Vietnam plan $300 in information technology purchases over the next seven years (Seattle Times, Jan. 5, 1994, p. D6).




2600 Maitland Center Parkway, Suite 200, Maitland FL 32751, 800-824-9430

Uses the Indonesian timber jelutong in their Oriole brand pencils, apparently the last U.S. pencil manufacturer to do so (World Rainforest Report, April-June 1992, p. 4). The Rainforest Action Network (Rainforest Action Network) called a boycott in 1990, but it soon ended when Dixon-Ticonderoga claimed it no longer used jelutong (Wall Steet Journal, Oct. 19, 1990). Rainforest Action Network resumed the boycott in November 1991, citing PIERS reports showing continuing imports of jelutong (Boycott Action News, Fall 1992, p. 2-3).







31355 Oak Crest Drive, Westlake Village CA 91361, 818-879-6600

Begun by Hawaiian missionaries Castle & Cooke in 1851. Bought into Mattson Navigation, the largest Hawaii-mainland shipping company, in 1907 (Mattson was sold in 1964) and Dole Pinapple in 1932. In 1959, bought Bumble Bee tuna; in 1964 bought Standard Fruit (plantations in Honduras and Brazil). Philippine pinapple and banana operations in the 1960s. Castle & Cooke Properties has real estate in Hawaii (the entire Lana'i island), California, and Arizona. Changed its name to Dole Foods Company in 1991 (Hoover's Handbook of American Business 1993, p. 242).

For the history and influence of Standard Fruit, see Honduras: The Making of a Banana Republic, by Alison Acker; South End Press, 1988, p. 62).

See also Business in the Rainforests: Corporations, Deforestation and Sustainability, by Conrad B. MacKerron (Investor Responsibility Research Center, Washington DC, 1993).




"An Australian mining company helicopter recently dropped a ton of cyanide pellets near the site of a gold mine in Papua New Guinea, raising fears of widespread poisoning in the area. The accident comes only weeks after a major cyanide spill involving another Australian mining company in Romania (David Watts, London Times). Dome Resources has sent cleanup teams to the site and expects to recover most of the cyanide. But as much as 330 pounds has likely contaminated a rainforest stream, prompting authorities to warn villagers against drinking the water. Environmental groups worry that word may not reach remote villagers in time ( AP/San Jose Mercury News). "As with any disaster of this type, it's probably not safe to drink water from natural sources in the area," said Michael Silver, managing director of Dome Resources (Reuters/Times of India). "We have moved swiftly with the recovery and are confident that any imminent danger to humans is being contained and that any effect on the environment will be minimized," said Silver (Jane Counsel/Australian Associated Press, Sydney Morning Herald). About 1,250 square meters of land are currently contaminated (BBC Online, March 22)." (Greenwire, March 24, 2000, all cites March 23 unless noted.)

 "Up to 70 percent of one ton of poison pellets had been recovered from dense jungle about 85 kilometers (50 miles) north of the Papua New Guinea capital Port Moresby but rains had washed some into a nearby river, said the Australian mining company involved. "Something like 100 to 150 kilos (220 to 330 pounds) would probably have dissolved," said Dome Resources managing director Michael Silver. The U.S. National Academy of Sciences says ingestion or exposure to cyanide through eye or skin contact can be fatal, adding exposure to as little as 50 mg to 150 mg can cause immediate death. A crate of cyanide pellets, suspended below a helicopter, dropped while being flown to Dome Resources' Tolukuma mine on Tuesday... [Silver admitted that] "One cannot guarantee anything. Accidents happen, unfortunately mining can be a dangerous occupation and you can have people unfortunately being injured all the time"... The decontamination operation should be completed by late Thursday or early Friday. "By the end of today or tomorrow we will have cleaned the site up as best that we can," Silver said... The Papua New Guinea government has ordered an investigation... Silver said the area of contamination appeared to be contained 1,250 square metres... An air and ground search was launched on Tuesday to find the cyanide but it took more than 24 hours before the deadly material was located... "The cyanide was found in an area heavily covered by vegetation and not close to any areas of habitation, gardens or village water sources," Dome said in the statement to the Australian Stock Exchange on Wednesday. "The strategy will be to recover all the cyanide that can be gathered up and thoroughly decontaminate the area," it said. Silver later said the company planned to remove the top 10 centimetres of soil from the contaminated area and replace it with a counter- acting agent, ferrous sulphate, to neutralise any lingering cyanide. Two river systems, the Angabanga and the Mekeo, are downstream of the Tolukuma gold mine site. Environmentalists said they were concerned that monsoon rains would cause uncovered pellets to dissolve and unleash the poisonous substance into the soil and river systems. Asked whether the deadly poison threatened villages or rivers in the area, Kuma Aua, secretary of the PNG mines department said: "I don't know. My inspectors are on their way up there now. We have never had a cyanide spill before". Environmental experts said cyanide attacks the environment more quickly than the slow destructive pattern of waste generated over decades from the steady discharge of heavy metals from mining operations. "Cyanide never leaves the environment, it just gets absorbed into living matter," Nina Lansbury, researcher for the Minerals Policy Institute, a mining industry environmental watchdog. (Reuters, Deadly cyanide washes into PNG river, and Cyanide decontamination begins in Papua New Guinea, both March 23, 2000).

"Environmental activists said yesterday that the cleanup of a cyanide spill in Papua New Guinea was not as extensive as the company responsible claimed. The controversy arose after an Australian mining company's helicopter dropped a ton of cyanide pellets near a gold mine, raising fears of widespread poisoning in the area. Sydney-based Dome Resources said on March 25 approximately 95 percent of the cyanide had been recovered and that only a negligible amount reached a nearby stream. But Greenpeace researchers who visited the site on March 27 said topsoil had not been cleared as extensively as reported and the cyanide landed closer to the stream than the company admitted (AP/, March 29)."  (Greenwire, March 29, 2000).




Was on the Council on Economic Priorities' 1995 Worst Polluters List.




Joint operation with Brazier in Hawaii.



DOW CHEMICAL click here for merger of Dow and Union Carbide

2030 Willard H. Dow Center, Midland MI 48674, 517-636-1000

Begun in 1897 with chlorine bleach. Was exporting chemicals to China by the 1920s. First foreign plant was with Japan's Asahi, to make plastic fishing nets, in 1957. Has expanded to pharmaceuticals (Merrill Drug), agricultural chemicals (Dow Elanco), and consumer products (Styrofoam, Ziploc, Saran Wrap). Over half its 1990 sales of $20 billion were from outside the US. Has 63 plants in 23 U.S. states and 118 plants in 31 foreign countries (Hoover's Handbook of American Business 1992).

Made picric acid and mustard gas for World War I. Made magnesium for bombs in World War II. Made Agent Orange for the defoliation of Viet Nam. Received the World Environment Center's 1989 Gold Medal for Corporate Achievement (Multinational Monitor, July/Aug. 1991, p. 37-40).

Dow North America is a member of the National Wildlife Federation's Corporate Conservation Council.

The Council on Economic Priorities produced an environmental report on Dow in 1991-92 ($20 from CEP, 30 Irving Place, New York NY 10003, 1-800-729-4237).

Dow Chemical owns fifty percent of Dow Corning; they face shareholder lawsuits, civil and criminal investigation, and legal liability of $1 billion for medical problems caused by silicone gel breast implants (Detroit News, Mar. 8, 1992, p. D1). Dow Corning was created by Dow Chemical and Corning Glass in 1943 to develop silicone (Los Angeles Times, Feb. 12, 1992, p. D1).




See WOTE and Dan Morgan's Merchants of Grain.




Charlotte, NC

Owns U.S. and international coal, gas, hydroelectric, and transmission projects.

Duke Power is a member of the National Wildlife Federation's Corporate Conservation Council.

The Council on Economic Priorities produced an environmental report on Duke ($20 from CEP, 30 Irving Place, New York NY 10003, 1-800-729-4237).

Freeport McMoRan Copper & Gold's P.T. Freeport Indonesia Company, Duke Energy (a subsidiary of Duke Power, PowerLink (a subsidiary of Northstar Energy), and an Indonesian investor have announced a plan for the creation of a $200 million joint electricity venture for the Irian Jaya mine (Freeport-McMoRan, Dec. 7, 1993 news release).




1007 Market St., Wilmington, DE 19898,
telephone 302-774-1000
telephone 800-441-7111


Founded in 1802 in Delaware to manufacture gunpowder, which Du Pont sold to both sides in the Crimean War. By 1906 Du Pont controlled three quarters of the U.S. explosives market. World War I profits payed for diversification into paints, plastics, and dyes. By 1922, Du Pont owned 37 percent of General Motors; this tie was broken by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1962 (by giving Du Pont shareholders GM stock). The Du Pont family still holds 22 percent of Du Pont stock (Everybody's Business, 1990, shows 15 percent in 1988), but the largest shareholder is the Bronfman family, which owned 24 percent of Du Pont in 1990 (Everybody's Business, 1990, p. 333). See entry for Bronfman. Du Pont has operations in 40 countries; 1990 sales of $40 billion (Hoover's Handbook of American Business 1992).

Du Pont owned Conoco (acquired in 1981 for $7.6 billion); it sold half of its Consolidation Coal Co. to Rheinbraum in 1991.

Environmental Record

The Council on Economic Priorities produced an environmental report on Du Pont in 1991-92 ($20 from CEP, 30 Irving Place, New York NY 10003, 1-800-729-4237).

See also The Greenpeace Book of Greenwash (1992).

Continues to export tetraethyl lead (TEL), the lead used in leaded gasoline, in countries where it has not been banned. TEL accounts for 80 to 90 percent of all environmental lead contamination (Multinational Monitor, March 1990 and July/August 1991). Du Pont produces it in Coatzalcoalcos, Mexico. See also Ethyl Corporation and Octel.

Du Pont made it onto the Council on Economic Priorities' short list of worst environmental offenders, for being the number one toxic polluter in 1989; for its production of CFCs; for its deep-well injection of toxic wastes; exposure of employees to asbestos; its operation of the Savannah River nuclear complex (Earth Island Journal, Winter 1993, p. 20; and "Toxic Ten," Mother Jones, Jan/Feb. 1993).

See also Jack Doyle's profile of Du Pont, Hold the Applause (Friends of the Earth, 1989), and his article "Du Pont's Disgraceful Deeds: The Environmental Record of E.I. Du Pont de Nemours," (Multinational Monitor, Oct. 1991, p. 26-31), which covers topics ranging from Conoco and double-hull oil tankers to Superfund sites to herbicides and ozone, to the fact that Du Pont facilities consume nearly one percent of the electricity in the U.S. (citing a Wall Street Journal report).

Global Operations

Quimica Fluor maquiladora plant in Matamoros, Mexico.

Du Pont formed a joint venture with Kirovo-Chepetsk Chemical Enterprises of Russia to market fluoropolymer products. KCC, based in Kirovskaya Oblast, is Russia's the largest producer of fluoropolymers and refrigerants; it also produces fertilizers. Long-range plans include a joint venture in manufacturing (Wall Street Journal, Dec. 16, 1993, p. B4).

India On October 12, 1994, 2,000 people in Goa, India, protesting the construction of a Du Pont nylon factory, destroyed construction equipment and several buildings.

Du Pont is a member of the National Wildlife Federation's Corporate Conservation Council.

Dupont Found Guilty By Florida Jury Liable For Racketeering, Negligence, Fraud And Defective Benlate Product Claims. DuPont Co., makers of the fungicide Benlate (benomyl) has been by a Florida jury to be liable for racketeering, negligence, fraud and defective product claims in a lawsuit filed by two Costa Rican-based plant nurseries. DuPont was ordered to pay $78.3 million to the nurseries. DuPont says it will appeal the decision. The verdict is the latest in a long line of cases against DuPont that have resulted in litigation and settlement charges totaling approximately $1.3 billion to the company over the last ten years. In April, DuPont announced that it would phase out sales of Benlate around the world by the end of 2002. The racketeering charges were based on information gathered from internal DuPont documents showing that the company conducted tests in Costa Rica in 1992, but destroyed the records as claims against Benlate mounted. The growers' attorney maintained that DuPont had launched a corporate "damage control" program by assigning an attorney to supervise the testing, skewing some results and discarding those that were unfavorable. A plant pathologist from Pennsylvania State University, testifying for the growers, stated that DuPont documents dating back to 1980 describe Benlate as an unstable product prone to deterioration in hot, moist conditions. According to his testimony, some plants treated with Benlate grew to only ten percent of their expected height, miniature roses in Florida dropped all of their leaves within two days of treatment, and Hawaiian orchids treated with Benlate were too malformed to sell. The plant pathologist attributed the problems to a natural byproduct of the breakdown of Benlate that, in his opinion, turned the fungicide into an herbicide. DuPont's attorney stated that after U.S. testing in 1992, "DuPont reached the conclusion, the inescapable biological conclusion, that Benlate could not be the cause of the damage." According to DuPont, the problem was due to a one-time incident of herbicide contamination at a Benlate mixing plant. However, growers' complaints about crop damage continued long after the contamination occurred. In a related story, attorneys representing growers in another Benlate case five years earlier made a side deal with DuPont as part of the settlement. The attorneys, who represented 20 farmers and nurseries suing DuPont for Benlate damage, personally collected $6.4 million in return for agreeing to never bring another Benlate case against the company. The growers accepted a settlement of $59 million from DuPont, but were not told about the side agreement with their lawyers, who also received $20 million in fees for the case. Some of the growers have since filed a malpractice suit against the lawyers and are also seeking punitive damages. DuPont defends the payment to the lawyers saying that the company didn't feel it was in its interest to bankroll the additional cases that these attorneys were threatening to pursue. DuPont maintains that while the side agreement was confidential, the confidentiality did not apply to the lawyers' clients. Attorneys for the plaintiffs are in the discovery phase and no trial date has been announced. (Agribusiness Examiner, Issue #125, Sept 19, 2001)

Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) "The Environmental Protection Agency announced Thursday that it is preparing to levy what could be its largest fine ever potentially hundreds of millions of dollars against the DuPont company. The agency charges in an administrative action that the chemical manufacturer withheld information three times since 1981 about a chemical called perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) that poses "substantial risk of injury to human health or the environment." PFOA is used in the manufacture of Teflon, Gortex and Stainmaster carpeting. There are health concerns about it because it does not break down but persists in the environment, says Ken Cook of the Environmental Working Group. "It causes cancer and birth defects in animals," he says "It's in 95% of people tested in the USA." The EPA is currently studying how PFOA enters the human body and its potential health risk. The complaint states that DuPont did not tell the EPA until 2001 that the company found PFOA in blood samples taken in 1981 from its pregnant workers, in one case including evidence that the chemical had passed to the fetus. In 1991, the company found the chemical in public water supplies in towns near its plant in West Virginia but did not tell the EPA until 2001. In 1997, the EPA requested all toxicological information that DuPont had about PFOA, but it was not provided until 2001. The year 2001 figures prominently in the EPA complaint because that's when key information was supplied by documents from a lawsuit by residents who live near the West Virginia plant. The agency can seek fines of up to $25,000 per day for each day DuPont failed to report the information prior to 1997 and up to $27,500 for those after that year. Tom Skinner, head of the EPA's Office of Enforcement, was careful to point out that the agency does not consider Teflon, Gortex or Stainmaster dangerous. Saying it has fully complied with reporting requirements, DuPont replied that it plans to file a formal denial of the EPA's complaint within 30 days. The company disputes "any association between PFOA and harmful effects on human health or the environment." After 30 days, the complaint goes to an EPA administrative law judge. "DuPont has provided substantial information to EPA supporting our conclusion that we have followed the law," said DuPont general counsel Stacey Mobley. Mobley predicted the EPA action "would not prevail under the scrutiny of the courts." The single largest fine to date by the EPA was for $30 million against Koch Industries in 2000 for claims related to oil spills in six states." (DuPont may face massive EPA fine, By Elizabeth Weise, USA TODAY, July 9, 2004).




Cyprus Minerals acquired the Sierrita/Twin Buttes project in central Arizona from Duval in 1986-1988 (Mining Magazine, July 1991, p. 5).




DynCorp is a private military company with 23,000 employees and $2 billion in U.S. federal contracts in year 2002, accounting for 98% of its business.

DynCorp was acquired by Computer Sciences Corporation in March 2003. CSC describes itself as helping "clients around the world manage and profit from every major wave of change in information technology (IT) for more than 40 years" and that its "DynCorp acquisition expands CSC's offerings in areas such as Aviation Services, Base Operations, Logistics Support Services and Range Technical Services."


Top outsourcing vendors to the US government in fiscal 2000:
Lockheed Martin Corp (30% market share)
CSC (13%)
EDS (7%)
DynCorp (5%)
TRW (5%)
Raytheon (4%)
SAIC (4%)
Northrop Grumman (3%)
Unisys (2%)

Source: Washington Technology Magazine, March 4, 2002.

DynCorp has provided police in Bosnia, security guards in Afghanistan and Iraq, aerial herbicide spraying in Colombia, and border patrols along the US-Mexico border. DynCorp casualties are rarely reported as such. DynCorp employees accused of sex crimes in Bosnia and drug trafficking in Colombia. U.S. Representative Jan Schakowsky has sponsored a bill restricting the use of private military contractors; for example, the Andean Region Contractor Accountability Act, H.R. 1591.

DynCorp internet recruiting for its "Department of State Advisory Service Mission in Iraq": "On behalf of the United States Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, DynCorp International FZ-LLC (DIFZ), a CSC Company, is seeking individuals with appropriate experience and expertise to participate in an international effort to re-establish police, justice and prison functions in post-conflict Iraq. Interested applicants must be active duty, retired or recently separated sworn police officers, correctional officers or experienced judicial experts. US citizenship is required. If interested, please call toll-free 866-258-8770 or e-mail or visit"

Blast Rocks Afghan Capital,, August 29, 2004. "An explosion tore through the office of an American security contractor in the heart of the Afghan capital Sunday, killing seven people, including two Americans, officials and witnesses said. The explosion hit the office of Dyncorp Inc., a U.S. firm that provides security for Afghan President Hamid Karzai and works for the U.S. government in Iraq, said Nick Downie of the Afghanistan NGO Security Office... An embassy statement described the contractor as also helping train Afghan police. The company also is believed to employ Nepalese guards in Afghanistan, where it reportedly is also involved in anti-drug efforts..."

The Intimidating Face of America, By Craig S. Smith, New York Times, Oct 13, 2004. "[B]elligerent men with sunglasses and guns are America's most visible civilian representatives in some parts of the world... But the United States Embassy in Kabul is aware of the problem and has moved to curb the aggressive behavior of the DynCorp guards.. [A] bombing outside DynCorp's Kabul headquarters in August, in which 10 people died, including 3 Americans, "specifically targeted the special presidential guard, which is odious..."