Coffee Industry

compiled October 2002
by George Draffan at
Endgame

 

Market Shares

Bibliography

Market Shares

Five companies buy almost half of the world's green coffee beans:

Kraft

13%

Nestle

13%

Sara Lee

10%

Proctor & Gamble

4%

Tchibo

4%

Source: (Gresser and Tickell, 2002, p. 25).

 

Producing Countries (thousand bags)

 

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

Brazil

27,664

22,758

34,650

32,345

32,204

33,550

Colombia

10,876

12,211

11,024

9,398

10,532

11,172

Vietnam

5,705

6,915

6,972

11,648

14,775

10,000

Indonesia

8,299

7,759

8,458

5,432

6,733

6,446

Mexico

5,324

5,045

5,051

6,442

5,125

5,500

India

3,469

4,729

4,372

5,457

4,611

5,011

Other nations

39,493

35,034

33,770

42,317

36,642

36,079

Total

102,826

96,448

106,295

115,038

112,622

109,759

Source: International Coffee Organization, Total Production of Exporting Members Crop Years 1996/97 to 2001/02 http://www.ico.org/trade/po.htm

 

Consuming Countries

 

% of world imports

during 1990-1993

USA

26

Germany

14

Japan

8

France

8

Italy

6

Spain

4

Holland

3

UK

3

Canada

3

Sweden

2

Other importers

26

Total

100

Source: http://www.coffeeresearch.org/market/importations.htm

 

Bibliography

Bates, Robert H. Open-Economy Politics: The Political Economy of the World Coffee Trade. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1997.

Clarke, R. J. and R. Macrae, eds. Coffee. London: Elsevier Applied Science, 1985.

coffee company links http://www.retailmerchandising.net/coffee/links.asp

Coffee Kids http://www.coffeekids.com

Coffee Research Institute http://coffeeresearch.org

Dicum, Gregory, and Nina Luttinger. The Coffee Book: Anatomy of an Industry from Crop to the Last Drop. New York: The New Press, 1999. 

Fair Trade certified coffee is certified by TransFairUSA http://www.transfairusa.org and the biggest retail/wholesale merchant of Fair trade coffee is Equal Exchange co-op http://www.equalexchange.com

Global Exchange annotated bibliography on coffee http://www.globalexchange.org/economy/coffee/coffeeBib.html includes books and articles on environmental and labor impacts, political economy, etc.

Global Exchange Fair trade Coffee Campaign http://www.globalexchange.org/economy/coffee/

Gresser, Charis and Sophia Tickell, Mugged: Poverty in Your Coffee Cup (Oxfam International, 2002) http://www.maketradefair.com/assets/english/mugged.pdf

Inman, Mark. Coffee, Certification, and Consumers. Whole Earth, Spring 2002, p. 25-26.

International Coffee Organisation (the coffee cartel) http://www.ico.org

International Coffee Organization, Country profiles, http://www.ico.org/libser/profile.htm

ICO trade statitics http://www.ico.org/frameset/traset.htm

National Coffee Association of USA (NCAUSA) http://www.ncausa.org/public/pages/index.cfm?pageid=29

National Coffee Association of USA publications list http://www.ncausa.org/public/pages/index.cfm?pageid=223

national coffee authorities http://www.ico.org/frameset/traset.htm

news releases http://www.retailmerchandising.net/coffee/daily/daily_include/a13b1c0.asp

New Internationalist No. 271 (Sept 1995) was a case study of the cofee industry. http://www.newint.org

news releases

Pendergrast, Mark. Uncommon Grounds. Basic Books, 1999.

Polk, Emily. Children: The Other Side of the "Coffee Tour." Whole Earth, Spring 2002, p. 16-17.

Rice, Paul and Jennifer MacLean. Sustainable Coffee at the Crossroads. Washington, DC: Consumers Choice Council, 1999.

Roseberry, William, et al, editors. Coffee, Society, and Power in Latin America. Edited by William. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995.

Schoenholt, Donald. N. The Economy of Coffee. Whole Earth, Spring 2002, p. 12-14.

Talbot, John M. 1997. Where Does Your Coffee Dollar Go?: The Division of Income and Surplus Along the Coffee Commodity Chain. Studies in Comparative International Development, Vol 32(1): 56-91.

World Coffee Conference 2001 Proceedings http://www.ico.org/frameset/traset.htm